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Introduction to Bitcoin

Bitcoin is a new cryptocurrency in the digital world. To begin with, the bitcoin network isn’t under control of any one central authority with Bitcoin investment. Which means, no banks! No need of heavy fees for transactions. No need of central authority’s order to confirm the transaction and you can carry out transactions anonymously. Also, bitcoin stores details of every single transaction that ever happened in the network, in a huge version of a general ledger called the blockchain, which keeps a record of every transaction and verifies them through proper ways.

How Bitcoin works?

Bitcoin is pretty much like cash for the internet and is used to purchase things electronically.

How does Bitcoin work?

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4 thoughts on “What is Bitcoin and How Does it Work?

  1. I have read this article. It’s great. I get some sort of learning about bitcoin yet would you be able to clarify me what is blockchain?

  2. The blockchain is a distributed public ledger that records every digitally made transaction. It provides complete security to its users and stores each and every information regarding their transactions.

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What Are the Top 5 Myths About Bitcoin – Are They True?

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Myths About Bitcoin

It’s been over 8 years since the bitcoin first came into circulation. However, the general public and press are still confused as to what is Bitcoin and how to use it. The result of this is numerous myths about the currency.

Bitcoin is a digital currency. It’s different from traditional money in many ways, due to which it is often considered to be a difficult subject to grasp because it requires a basic understanding of many different areas of study such as cryptography, economics, and computer science.

In this post, we have discussed five popular myths about Bitcoin that still spark a debate in 2017.

Is Bitcoin Anonymous:

In spite of the fact that Bitcoin is regularly referred to as the currency to make anonymous transactions, the correct word to use would be “pseudonymous”. Meaning that a user can have one or multiple identifiable addresses. However, nobody essentially knows who is behind each address.

With Bitcoin, each transaction is stored on a public ledger and anyone can view this ledger on Blockchain. This ultimately makes the transactions more transparent for the users.

It’s Used by Terrorists:

Our media has completely ruined the image of Bitcoin. Whenever the currency is brought up in a television show or movies, it’s almost always being used by some kind of serious criminal or terrorist.

Although the user anonymity may account for some illegal transactions, there is no confirmation of terrorists using Bitcoin on a noteworthy scale.

The Currency Is Dead:

One of the most common myths about Bitcoin is that it’s dead or no longer in use.

In reality, Bitcoin is currently going through its most successful phase in history – at least according to the number of daily transactions on the network, which keeps on growing each day.

At the time of writing, one bitcoin was worth $1095.

Think the currency is dead? Think again!

It’s 100% Transparent:

Another myth about Bitcoin is that it’s completely transparent. But this is absolutely not true.

The true identities of bitcoin users – be it individuals or an organization – are kept secret and never publicized.

Also, there are several privacy-enhancing-services, for example, JoinMarket, which permit clients to upgrade their security on the blockchain.

If someone asks what is bitcoin, the perfect description would be: it’s not completely transparent nor anonymous. It’s somewhere in between the two extremes.

Bitcoin Is Useless Due to Its High Volatility:

Because of high instability in value, Bitcoin is frequently thought to be useless by a majority of the population. While Bitcoin has had a significant volatile history, the currency has undoubtedly been moving towards stability since the mining of first blocks in 2009.

Having said that, relatively few individuals are attempting to utilize Bitcoin as a unit of account at this point. It is rather viewed as a store of value by those who hold it.

Conclusion:

These are some common myths about Bitcoin. If you go into the market and dig up the details, you will realize that most of them are completely false and has no solid base to stand on.

In all, Bitcoin is a safe currency. The use of it increasing each day as several corporations, banks, retail stores, and outlets are starting to accept Bitcoin as a payment. This, as a result, has seen an ultimate rise in the value of the currency.

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Supply Chain Blockchain: Eximchain Raises $20 Million!

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Eximchain was established in 2015 at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology’s (MIT) media lab and is a supply-chain focused blockchain startup, which has managed to raise more than $20 million from a group of investors. Eximchain is basically an MIT-based software development company which uses blockchain to advance the SCF (supply chain financing).

blockchain supply chain

Supply Chain Financing

SCF allows investors to fund an organization through its supply chain procedure by providing them further operating capital and functioning cash flow to upsurge its effectiveness and lessen risk. Companies that effectively succeeded this cash flow have reduced their inventory by almost 30%, heading to substantially lower working costs.

Even as a startup, it has managed to raise the funds to advance its own public blockchain which runs by private smart contracts, in order to offer multiple solutions for recording, executing and disseminating information for supply chain shareholders.

Who’s behind the funding?

One of the major cryptocurrency hedges from China, FBG Capital was behind the funding. There were also many other participants included such as;

  • INBlockchain, which is a blockchain capital firm. It was founded by a Chinese cryptocurrency activist, Li Xiaolai.
  • Kinetic Capital, which is a Hong Kong-based investment firm.

Now moving towards the token airdrop, Eximchain says that it will see approximately 1.5 million ERC20-based EXC tokens disseminated to contributors after verifying their identity. According to the company, EXC can be also transformed into the native tokens, on the blockchain of Eximchain itself.

Hope Liu’s Statement

Eximchain’s co-founder and CEO, Hope Liu stated;

“After experimenting [with proofs of concept] on ethereum or private blockchains, the enterprise world is looking for technical solutions that can be deployed immediately to solve real supply chain problems. There is a huge potential for blockchain technology to revolutionize supply chain processes, and we are all excited to see the progress that Eximchain will help bring to this industry.”

The funding is actually what makes the firm one of the latest ones to join the highly popular trend of distributing airdrops, through which firms allot tokens for free to the concerned parties, rather than holding token sales in the existing ambience of regulatory obscurity.

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A Guide on Accepting Bitcoin Donations Through Your Blog/Website

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Accepting Bitcoin Donations

Bitcoin is a relatively new digital currency which is used in making online transactions between two individuals. The currency is considered to be the most efficient and safest form of online payments. (Learn how to pay with Bitcoin online)

Bitcoin can be used as a method of payment on several platforms but is most popular on the gambling websites.

Bitcoin functions not only in the form of payments but you can also make earnings through Bitcoin donations if you run a website/blog.

Nonetheless, when it comes Bitcoin donations, the most frequently asked question is: “How to accept Bitcoin donations” because accepting Bitcoin website donations is becoming more troublesome as the number of individuals shifting to online payment methods keeps on growing each day.

How to Accept Bitcoin Donations?

You can accept Bitcoin donations in the form of your local currency, such as USD, Euro, etc. The donations are similar to those of fiat currency. The only difference is that Bitcoin only exists virtually, while the traditional currency can be directly sent to your bank account or handed to you in person.

Currently, there are only 12 million bitcoins in circulation, most of which are held by the businessmen.

Also, there are plenty of efficient tools that convert traditional payments into Bitcoin. For this, all you require is a Bitcoin extension.

What Are the Methods in Which You Can Accept Bitcoin?

Normally, there are three ways to accept Bitcoin donations. The methods are discussed below briefly.

  1. You can make/accept variable amounts of donations using an image link. The link supports a specific donation and a Bitcoin blog link. Then you will need to place a Bitcoin QR code on your website which will allow users to make donations using their smartphones. To ensure a Bitcoin donation, you must maintain a secure environment.
  1. An alternate option to accept Bitcoin donations on your site is a donation counter. The counter helps your visitors how many donations you have received so far as part of the campaign. The counter can also be used to indicate a time frame and a standard amount of the donations a user might wish to place.
  1. Another way to accept Bitcoin donations is to add payment buttons on your site. A visitor who clicks on the payment button is taken to an interface which can be controlled until the bitcoin payment is received.

Last Word:

Bitcoin donations must take place under a safe environment, so make sure your site is safe while trying to make a Bitcoin transaction. The standard website security requires you to have complete control over all the transactions made through the website.

Bitcoin addresses are vulnerable to security threats. Lack of security could result in a donation being directed to an unwanted party.

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ICO Coins: Utility Tokens vs Security Tokens

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Back in 2017, a boom in ICO creation was seen as hundreds of companies that were formed on the Blockchain with its attached digital currency were born in the form of an investable token. SEC (Securities and Exchange Commission) already had a closer look at the ICOs token and has declared them securities in most cases. Not every token that is being developed off the Blockchain should have that quality that directs it to be categorized as securities. Only a few other types of tokens are available that can be built off the Blockchain and one of them are utility tokens.

Although there are more than two types of tokens, it’s still essential to improve these two types, as they can be used in defining a new token that comes through an ICO- the security and utility token. To understand the divergence between these two tokens, a direction can be selected by ICO that can work better for them.

utility tokens

What is Security Token?

If a value of crypto-token originates from an external tradable asset, it is categorized as a security token. If we look at the DAO tokens from 2016, it was declared by SEC that ICO tokens might be a subject to federal securities laws. ICO tokens never meant to be securities, but the chairman of SEC, Jay Clayton, noted that every ICO token that SEC has seen so far is considered as security and clarified, that if a crypto-asset that is allotted by a company upsurges in worth over time, depending on the company’s performance, it is also considered as security.

What is Utility Token?

Utility tokens are another style of tokens that serve a role in various cases where there’s a requirement of the security token. A utility token represents the future access to a service or a product of the company. The characteristic that defines the utility tokens is that they’re not intended for investments. If they’re properly organized, then this characteristic frees utility tokens from federal laws governing securities.

You can also say that utility tokens are the coupons for the company. It’s basically a token that is different from the typical ICO token that is being used by many at this time. Despite the fact that it’s not perfect for every company, there are still many examples where utility tokens have a great place against the security tokens.

Should you choose utility over security?

Many companies rely on the “securities” but still, there are many companies that will not do the same. There is a collection of multiple types of utility tokens as each of them has different features that could include the needs of ICO. So, it’s really important to split the tokens into fungible or non-fungible.

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Semi-Decentralized scaling solution

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Scaling solution Moonbeam is developing by the Bitcoin exchange and wallet provider. Moonbeam is a platform which does not need any SegWit’s transactions.

This platform will provide the proper way to different platforms. Bitcoin exchanges, its hosted wallets, and payment procedures will be available on one platform.  This is basically one-way payment channel with each other.

How does it work:

By taking the transaction’s off-chain, Moonbeam has the ability to reduce the transaction’s fee for its users and Bitcoin’s benefits users usually by dropping the crowding in Mempool. Because this platform can open standardized one-way payment channel contracts with one another.

In these contracts, one party keeps the complete check of transactions and locks up the few bitcoins till the payment sends to another party for the limited time period. Before the timeout, the party who locked up the funds has the ability to send a large number of off-chain transactions by using that locks up bitcoins. whereas, each channel comprises of two on-chain transactions. first one is to open the channel and other is to close it.

These transactions are off-chain, without the blockchain confirmation these transactions are taken as to the simple web page. Luckily, these transactions are economical, means two channel needs minor fees. And, the other ones are completely free of fees.

This payment method is not newborn in the technology era, Satoshi Nakamoto uses the preliminary code for payment channels in Bitcoin’s first release. Today, Bitcoin has the ability to exchange and contrivance these contracts on the blockchain.

Moonbeam is ready to facilitate such type of channels. In this way, heavy volume platform can easily make contact with each other.

Trust:

Moonbeam is basically the semi-decentralized project. It creates the trust level of its users by providing them secure service. A hosted wallet become custodial account where all the transactions operations are done. Whether it is about to manage the funds or send or receive the transactions. Users don’t have the approach to keys directly, an exchange such as coin base or coin mama works in this manner.

Another downside:

There are few other potential downsides of this platform. When we open these channels, for a time period, committed capital should be in bitcoin among the cost of the capital. If the receiver doesn’t use the channel, the platform will wait to regain the control of funds, demanding heavy financing costs.

Another risk is the use of DNS. This type of attacks includes the rerouting domain name request to attacker’s server. These attacks are mostly used to get payments over to another channel which were meant for the authentic server.

Moonbeam does not require any fork to make it impressive solution and didn’t offer the level of decentralization of a lightning network in bitcoin’s scaling troubles. It may be applied by hosted wallets.

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