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Introduction to Bitcoin

Bitcoin is a new cryptocurrency in the digital world. To begin with, the bitcoin network isn’t under control of any one central authority with Bitcoin investment. Which means, no banks! No need of heavy fees for transactions. No need of central authority’s order to confirm the transaction and you can carry out transactions anonymously. Also, bitcoin stores details of every single transaction that ever happened in the network, in a huge version of a general ledger called the blockchain, which keeps a record of every transaction and verifies them through proper ways.

How Bitcoin works?

Bitcoin is pretty much like cash for the internet and is used to purchase things electronically.

How does Bitcoin work?

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4 thoughts on “What is Bitcoin and How Does it Work?

  1. I have read this article. It’s great. I get some sort of learning about bitcoin yet would you be able to clarify me what is blockchain?

  2. The blockchain is a distributed public ledger that records every digitally made transaction. It provides complete security to its users and stores each and every information regarding their transactions.

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What Is Bitcoin Wallet and What Are the Main Types of It?

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What Is Bitcoin Wallet

Bitcoin is a peer to peer currency which does not have any physical form. In other words, it’s a virtual currency. The currency is stored in Bitcoin wallets.

There are several forms of Bitcoin wallets – most common ones being desktop wallets, mobile wallets, online wallets and hardware wallets.

The goal of this article is to provide you with the necessary information about all these forms of wallets. So let’s get started with knowing what is a Bitcoin wallet are and what are the different types of it.

Desktop Wallets:

Desktop wallets are compatible with different desktop applications and each of them offers different features. For example, Hive is an OS X-based wallet which includes app store that connects directly to Bitcoin services.

Another example of desktop wallets is Bitcoin Core which relays transactions on the network and enables you to create a Bitcoin address for sending/receiving virtual currency.

Some desktop wallets are particularly designed to gain enhanced security. Armory is a prime example of such wallets.

Mobile Wallets:

Desktop wallets are handy, but only when you are at home. If you are out on the street, they are of no use. And this is the reason as to why these wallets are falling out of favor.

On the other hand, mobile wallets are more useful as everything regarding your bitcoins is just one tap away.

It doesn’t matter where you are, whether it’s a physical store, park or just a random street, if you have access to the internet, you can access your Bitcoin wallet and make transactions on the go. Some of the common bitcoin mobile wallets are Xapo, Mycelium, and Blockchain.

These wallets keep your bitcoin keys encrypted on the phone and also back it up on a web-based server.

Online Wallets:

Online wallets store user’s private key online and link it to mobile/desktop wallets. One of the biggest advantages of online wallets is that they can be accessed from anywhere regardless of which device you are using.

However, there is one major drawback: If a user fails to implement them correctly, it will put the organization running the website in charge of his private key which eventually takes his bitcoins out of his control. That could be a risky move, especially if you collect a lot of bitcoins.

Some examples of the best Bitcoin wallets online are:

Coinbase:

Coinbase operates worldwide. Users in the United States and Europe can also buy bitcoins through Coinbase exchanges.

learn more about how to buy Bitcoin with Coinsbase.

Circle:

Circle offers the feature to send, receive, store and buy bitcoins.

Strongcoin:

This service offers hybrid wallet which lets the users encrypt their private keys before sending them to its servers.

And Hardware Wallets:

Hardware wallets are dedicated devices that are used to facilitate payment and store private keys. Some examples of these wallets are Trezor Hardware Wallet and Ledger USB Wallets. These wallets are easy to carry in your pocket and can be physically moved from one place to another.

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Upcoming hub for blockchain development

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After April 28, Rising center of blockchain technology, the city Hangzhou is going to establish itself. The government of Hangzhou is going to establish China’s first blockchain park. In addition, that park will be with preferential policy support.

Hangzhou????

Hangzhou is the capital of china’s province Zhejiang. This place is famous for its southern terminus of the ancient grand canal waterway. Now, this place is going to be the hub of this new technology.

An event of G20 summit in 2016, brings the Hangzhou to the stage of economics and politics. Moreover, along with Shanghai and Beijing, Hangzhou is rising city in china which is going to be dynamic and a big supporter of innovations and technologies even in transformative industry.

CEO and founder of the imToken states about his new company, “We have decided to move our team to the Blockchain Industrial Park. The government of Hangzhou has promised companies moving into the park subsidies for office and talent recruitment, tax deductions and government funding support. However, the supportive attitude of the government matter[s] more to us than that of subsidies. I believe this active approach from the government will enable Hangzhou to stand out as a financial technology city.”

Direction from banking sector

Central banks around the world are trying to move their infrastructure to blockchain technology. Because this technology has enough power to renovate the banking industry and directly create an impact on a current mechanism. In that scenario, People’s bank of China has completed the trial version of its own digital currency. In addition, the bank is going to be the first central bank which has the ability to issue digital currency. Interestingly, the bank of Hangzhou and China’s A-share companies also attend the summit.

Head of e-banking Hu Feihua states, “Bank of Hangzhou is always trying to keep abreast of the most updated technologies beneficial to banks. For blockchain, not only will we try to support the blockchain industry by providing an easy access to loans to startups, but we ourselves have a special team focusing on the research and development of blockchain. As a matter of fact, Bank of Hangzhou is one the members of a banking think tank that have to contribute to PBOC’s digital currency.”

Furthermore, “This is an interesting question. Job cuts seem inevitable when it comes to technology innovation. But for Bank of Hangzhou, we actually expect our staff to update themselves in their thinking and skills so that they can offset the risks of being sacked. On the other hand, banks will still be important and there are always rooms for us to use our workforce to increase our standard of service. Therefore, layoffs will not impede us in developing blockchain technology.”

China’s strategy

According to the official report of Hangzhou’s government, Hangzhou is now going to host 12 blockchain startups, which is a number crossed by Shanghai and Beijing.

Blockchain technology market trends are promoting by the central government of the China and its local government. Therefore, the reason is, users of China’s three exchanges Huobi, OKCoin and BTCC are not allowing to withdraw bitcoins. Which is directly the reflection of China’s aim of social and financial stability. That should never fall weak in front of market strategies, which place them at risk.

In 13th five-year social and economic program blockchain became as an important direction to innovations seekers. Because this plan is the most important strategy to the social and economic sector of the China. Plan for 2016-2020 set by this program.

Therefore, Hangzhou ‘s summit of this year proves that China’s strategy is to implement this plan to make it accessible for the locals. China’s capital will exceed in terms of funding, talent and wisdom. As a result, cities like Hangzhou and other cities will hold the summit next.

In the middle of June, Hangzhou and other countries will hold a high-level blockchain summit. In addition, china is going to be a strong entity in the digital world. Thus, a large number of people believes that China is the driving force of fifth industrial revolution.

 

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Ethereum Mining Step by Step

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Before following the provided mining steps, here are some important information you should keep in mind before mining:

  • Mining process takes a lot of electricity and you should concern about this.
  • For the process, you should have an Ethereum mining calculator.
  • There must be a portion of free space on the hard drive of your computer. About 30 GB will be enough for the blockchain and other software.

The Ethereum Mining Procedure:

1st Step:

You will have to download Geth. Geth will help you as a communication hub, connecting you to the Ethereum platform even coordinating your hardware and reporting any development which requires action on your part.

2nd Step:

Usually, Geth received as a zip file. You have to unzip and transfer the file to HDD. The drive C: is usually best for this.

3rd Step:

For the execution of the installed application, you need the command prompt. Search for ‘CMD’ in Windows if you’re if you don’t know about this, from the search list click on it.

4th Step:

‘C:\Users\Username>’ the username is the name of your computer system and it is the usual display format by command terminal. The next step is to locate Geth, type in ‘cd/’ in the command prompt terminal, it’s an instruction for change directory. ‘C:\>’ must be highlighted now, which shows you’re currently in the C: drive.

5th Step:

The next step is “Account Creation”. To make a call to Geth, you have to type in ‘Geth Account New’ which followed by the enter key. The command terminal will now display ‘C:\> Geth account new’.

6th Step:

A password will be required from you at this stage. Some extra attention should be taken here. Make sure to your password, if possible write it down, and don’t forget to type it in carefully. Press enter button once again after putting the password. Your new have generated.

7th step:

Geth needs to connect with the network before anything turn into fully operational. Just type ‘Geth -RPC’ in the terminal, then press enter, this will start the download the blockchain of Ethereum and synchronizing with the global network. It is a time intensive process and it’s dependent on how large blockchain is currently and your internet connection’s speed. You have to wait to make sure the completion of this process before mining.

8th Step:

You need a mining software to proceed, which will help your GPU in running the required hash algorithm on the platform. For this heavy lifting “Ethminer” is a good choice.

9th Step:

Install a mining software of your choice for this mining procedure.

10th step:

Repeat 4th step in a new command (change directory command) terminal. For a new command terminal, make a right click on the icon of previously active terminal found in the taskbar and at that time click on the terminal from the menu.

11th Step:

Type ‘cd prog’ in the new terminal window followed by the tab key. ‘C:\>cd prog’ will be on display, press tab key again to display ‘C:/>cd” Program Files” ‘after this press the enter key to show ‘C:\Program Files>’.

12th Step:

Type ‘cd cpp’ to go into Ethereum mining software folder, then the tabs and the enter keys. You have to press tab once again and the terminal will now display ‘C:\Program Files\cpp-ethereum>’.

13th Step:

Start mining with GPU, type ‘ethminer -G’ followed by the enter key. This will start the mining process after creating the Directed Acyclic Graph (DAG), which is a huge file stored in RAM of your GPU to make it ASIC resistant. Make sure that there is enough space on your HDD before getting to this point.

14th Step:

Lastly, if you are going for it, CPU mining can be done. You have to type ‘ETHMINER’ then press the enter key to start the process. The creation of the DAG is still compulsory in this step after that Geth takes over communication with Ethminer.

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Cryptocurrency News: Putin’s Endorsement Gives a Boost to Ethereum

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As investors look for a safe place to store their assets, Ethereum – the second largest cryptocurrency after Bitcoin – is getting a boost, thanks to Putin’s endorsement of the currency.

The Main Story:

Ethereum continues to skyrocket after the Singapore government and the Russian president Vladimir Putin publicly showed their support to the currency. The latest Monday morning saw the currency trading at $407.10, a record rise of more than 5000% since the start of 2017, where Ethereum was trading at just $7.98.

The Russian president and Vitalik Buterin ­– founder of Ethereum – recently had a meeting during St. Petersburg International Economic Forum. According to some experts, the occurrence of this meeting suggests that Russia is willing to open its doors to using cryptocurrency in an attempt to make their economy less dependent on oil and gas.

“The digital economy isn’t a separate industry, it’s essentially the foundation for creating brand new business models,” said Putin at the forum.

The recent shift in Putin’s stance has had an immediate impact as the Russian entities such as the State Development Bank VEB, have agreed to use Ethereum.

Meanwhile, the government of Singapore has also released a report about their recent attempts of using Ethereum blockchain and creating their own digital currency.

Japan is also issuing new rules about making Ethereum a valid form of payment. Some major companies such as Microsoft and Toyota have shown their support for Ethereum too.

In conclusion, Ethereum is getting support from all across the globe and is likely to experience even more boost in the coming days. So, if you are looking for a safe digital investment option, Ethereum is the way to go.

Story Credits: vanityfair.com

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Why Did Bitcoin.Com Co-Founder Switched To Bitcoin Cash?

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Emil Oldenburg, co-founder of Bitcoin.com, has sold his bitcoin and switched to Bitcoin Cash since he is distrustful about its future, as indicated by Breakit, a Swedish website.

bitcoin.com co founder switches bitcoin cash

Oldenburg said bitcoin is currently the riskiest investment someone can make.

He said bitcoin’s transaction times, fees, and lead times have undermined bitcoin’s value as an investment.

Bitcoin transaction fees have multiplied at regular intervals, and it now takes around 4.5 hours to affirm a transaction. Charges went up to $26 per exchange as of late, according to Ars Technica.

Bitcoin.com has millions of unique visitors each month, as per Similarweb.

Oldenburg said Bitcoin.com’s revenue numbers are expansive, however, he didn’t want to uncover subtle elements. His own particular salary and those of 60 associates in Tokyo have been in bitcoin.

At Stake Liquidity:

Bitcoin’s liquidity is at stake, he said.

Individuals have not perceived bitcoin’s inherent risks since most have just bought it and have not attempted to sell it or make trades with it. When they understand the risks, they will begin selling it.

The bitcoin organize is unusable, he said. The issues happen when exchanges are recorded on the blockchain. There is a predetermined number of exchanges a man can make for each second that depends on the block size that stores the exchanges. This restriction has made bitcoin an illiquid and unusable digital currency.

Misguided Management:

While these issues could be addressed, Oldenburg does not figure they will be because the system is controlled by what he calls “fanatical bitcoin Talibans.”

The authorities running the bitcoin network see bitcoin as computerized gold and a specialized experiment instead of something individuals use.

Bitcoin.com has quit creating services for bitcoin to concentrate on Bitcoin Cash, which split from bitcoin in August and has turned into the second biggest digital currency.

For whatever period of time that the bitcoin network is controlled by the current directors, bitcoin won’t be a money for regular use. Rather, Oldenburg sees the future in Bitcoin Cash.

Bitcoin Cash Has The Support Of Others:

Craig Wright, an Australian businessperson who once claimed to be Satoshi Nakamoto, recently tweeted that 2018 will be the year in which Bitcoin Cash reaches to its full potential, as its limitations will be evacuated and its security will be improved.

Wright called attention to that among what’s coming for the digital currency in 2018 are “secure limit frameworks to make even web wallets secure,” enhanced mixers, and transactions with improved privacy. When asked who’s dealing with these upgrades, and when a public roadmap would be available, Wright answered, “A few. More open soon.”

Roger Ver and Calvin Ayre, two bitcoin cash proponents, have also announced to use their influence to rebrand bitcoin cash as bitcoin.

So, the year 2018 seems to be full of interesting prospects for bitcoin cash. But, will all these predictions regarding BCH come true. We will have to wait and see.

 

Story credits: ccn.com

Image: Google images

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