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Coincheck is a bitcoin exchange service rather referred to as a digital wallet. Headquarter of Coincheck is situated in Tokyo, Japan. It was founded by Koichiro Wada and Yusuke Otsuka. It operates bitcoin transaction and storage in some countries worldwide.

The hacking incident

In January 2018, Coincheck was hacked of approximately 500 million NEM tokens. As a result of which the Financial Services Agency took notice and ordered Coincheck to improve its security practices. Many people were surprised that why did Financial Service Agency not ordered Coincheck to shut down all its activities until this issue was resolved. Later, Coincheck announced that it would compensate and repay all the users affected by this fraud.

Effects of this fraud on NEM

bitcoin transaction

NEM is considered to be the 7th largest cryptocurrency in the world. It had a market cap of nearly 2 billion in October last year. However, NEM development team refused to conduct a hard check as the above-mentioned fraud was caused due to lack of security measures of Coincheck. Instead, NEM has announced to create an automated tagging system which will follow the money and tag any account that receives infected money of any sort.

Aftermaths of the hacking incident

Japanese crypto exchange Coincheck has announced that it will stop dealing in Monero, Dash, and ZCash as a result of the fraud that took place in January, this year. 534-million-dollar worth of NEM was stolen from the exchange as a result of that fraud. According to a note published in The Japan Times, Coincheck is also considering to accept the transfer of the currencies from verified Coincheck accounts only. That is why the exchange resumed activities of certain currencies on March 12. On the other hand, it also has been reported that the exchange has refunded 260,000 affected customers over 440 million dollars from its own funds.

It was also reported by a Japanese cyber security expert that about half of the NEM stolen in the above-mentioned hack was converted into different cryptocurrencies and was allegedly being used for money laundering purposes. The NEM Foundation had reported that the stolen NEM was traced to be moved to different wallet addresses at the end of January.

Some of the NEM stolen from Coincheck was reported to be been found at a crypto exchange in Canada, as well as some portion of that amount was found at the Japanese NEM exchange Zaif.

The Japan Times also stated that Coincheck’s decision to stop handling the three cryptocurrencies Monero, Dash, and ZCash was due to a response to the FSA’s improvement notice.

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ICO Coins: Utility Tokens vs Security Tokens

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Back in 2017, a boom in ICO creation was seen as hundreds of companies that were formed on the Blockchain with its attached digital currency were born in the form of an investable token. SEC (Securities and Exchange Commission) already had a closer look at the ICOs token and has declared them securities in most cases. Not every token that is being developed off the Blockchain should have that quality that directs it to be categorized as securities. Only a few other types of tokens are available that can be built off the Blockchain and one of them are utility tokens.

Although there are more than two types of tokens, it’s still essential to improve these two types, as they can be used in defining a new token that comes through an ICO- the security and utility token. To understand the divergence between these two tokens, a direction can be selected by ICO that can work better for them.

utility tokens

What is Security Token?

If a value of crypto-token originates from an external tradable asset, it is categorized as a security token. If we look at the DAO tokens from 2016, it was declared by SEC that ICO tokens might be a subject to federal securities laws. ICO tokens never meant to be securities, but the chairman of SEC, Jay Clayton, noted that every ICO token that SEC has seen so far is considered as security and clarified, that if a crypto-asset that is allotted by a company upsurges in worth over time, depending on the company’s performance, it is also considered as security.

What is Utility Token?

Utility tokens are another style of tokens that serve a role in various cases where there’s a requirement of the security token. A utility token represents the future access to a service or a product of the company. The characteristic that defines the utility tokens is that they’re not intended for investments. If they’re properly organized, then this characteristic frees utility tokens from federal laws governing securities.

You can also say that utility tokens are the coupons for the company. It’s basically a token that is different from the typical ICO token that is being used by many at this time. Despite the fact that it’s not perfect for every company, there are still many examples where utility tokens have a great place against the security tokens.

Should you choose utility over security?

Many companies rely on the “securities” but still, there are many companies that will not do the same. There is a collection of multiple types of utility tokens as each of them has different features that could include the needs of ICO. So, it’s really important to split the tokens into fungible or non-fungible.

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How Does Digital Currency Create Real World Solutions?

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The cryptocurrencies such as Bitcoin, Ethereum, Litecoin, etc. exist as a record on hard drives, wallets, or in cold storage.

The first ever cryptocurrency was launched in 2009 to introduce a system; run by its users with the interference of the third party. This digital system was launched to decentralize the money system and minimize the government as well as bank’s hold. To attain that goal, Bitcoin’s author Satoshi Nakamoto came up with a digital technology named Blockchain.

Basically, blockchain is a distributed public ledger of each transaction. On the other hand, Bitcoin itself is just a record of this ledger. By tracking the history, users can tell who owns the bitcoins and in how much quantity.

We all know that digital currencies are constructed on the blockchain. However, the blockchain of each digital currency varies. It may have different rules, terms and conditions, transaction timings, security management, and so on.

Meanwhile, the basic principle is the same for all cryptocurrencies that nobody has the charge of this digital money and currency is only revealed on the digital ledger.

These Currencies Do Have a Real-World Use?

The cryptocurrencies have a large number of real-world applications. In the financial world, currencies met with success because of their cheap, quick, and restrictionless behavior of these currencies is the best alternative to service providers. However, blockchain is not restricted to the financial market.

Primarily, blockchain is not all about to register money transfer but also to put down the ownership information. It is written in a manner where a user can confirm any record at any time.

It enhances the security management and mostly uses in the record keeping terms. Healthcare, security, food, tourism, etc. are the real companies. They offer the products and most of them accept Bitcoin as a payment.

And How Can Digital Coin be Interpreted Into Real Solutions?

The government of any country doesn’t have hold of the digital currency Bitcoin.

A well-established infrastructure needs a homework. But, in case of Bitcoin, one might wonder how something this significant is apparently irrelevant.  In addition, companies use the records on the public ledger. In that scenario, regular money doesn’t mean that. It is just a paper, issued by the countries’ government.

Accordingly, a digital record is more secure than a government promise. Whatever will happen in the world, few things will remain the same. So, blockchain will be the same as long as one person in the world is storing it on their devices. Blockchain’s ability to keep absolute records and add new without dependence on the third party whether it is government or a bank can deliver enormous values. Blockchain powered enterprises are born in that scenario.

From Where I Have to Start?

Use few available tools and create a business on your own. You just need a proper homework, team, secure funding and providing the services by developing the products. If you need help, a wide range of platforms is there.

Goodluck!

Tags: best way to invest in bitcoin, bitcoin investment

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How Is China Stifling Bitcoin and Other Cryptocurrencies? Let’s find out!

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World’s biggest community of Bitcoin miners, China, is cracking down on cryptocurrency. A proactive step has been taken by regulators for shaping the stratospheric increase of Bitcoin. According to President Xi Jinping, there’s been booms and busts in the economy for a decade. As a result, the role of China in the cryptocurrency’s world is going down.

Is it allowed to trade Bitcoin in China?

Bitcoin can be traded only in over-the-counter markets. According to some analysts, it is a slower process that increases the credit risk.

Is China anti-cryptocurrency?

Not really. A bank named “The People’s Bank of China” has run trials of its own prototype cryptocurrency, as it is a prime step to being the very first central bank, that is going to issue digital money.

What is China doing exactly?

Well, China banned initial coin offerings (ICOs), that are equal to initial public offerings for new virtual currencies. Later, it stopped local exchanges from trading cryptocurrencies and also delineated proposals to dampen bitcoin mining. Then it moved to Chinese companies that were listed in abroad skirting to stop its domestic ban on ICOs. Now it’s intended by the officials to block the domestic access to mobile apps and other online platforms that offer such services for cryptocurrencies.

Companies that promote themselves as blockchains, to boost their shares are also being targeted by domestic stock exchanges. It’s a part of an effort by agencies like China’s Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, central bank and the cyberspace administration.

 Bitcoin Value in China

 

What is the reason behind the crackdown in China?

Cleaning risks from financial markets have been government’s statement for almost two years, but there’s been no clear explanation yet. The thriving shadow banking sector is also among the main concerns of the government, although digital currencies also provide a way to move money out of China.

 

Where else are officials clamping down?

South Korean is known as the home of most of the frantic cryptocurrency trading. Some banks are being inspected because of the allegation of money laundering and the country is considering to close such cryptocurrency exchanges. Also, in the past year, the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission started to work fast on digital token sales.

What’s the effect of China’s actions?

Because of inexpensive power and cheap labour, miners gathered to China, but now they may have to look somewhere else. Bitmain is running China’s two major Bitcoin-mining collectives and is setting up district HQs in Singapore. The #3 mining pool, also known as “BTC. Top” is also opening a facility in Canada. Wallet services and bitcoin exchanges in the country are also leaving. Also, they’re setting up over-the-counter shops in Hong Kong and in other areas of Singapore/South Korea.

What about cryptocurrency prices?

The prices appeared to shrug off the news of increased regulations in China. However, according to analysts, the growing tide of regulation has a hefty impact on digital currencies and it’s also helping in explaining the hefty losses since the starting of 2018.

Story credit: fortune.com

Image Credit: BitNews

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Crypto Market Crashes At New Year – Bad News For Investors?

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The crypto market encountered an intense drop this Friday and Saturday. Coins were losing value with only three of the main twenty by market capitalization showing a development of more than 10 percent: Cardano, Qtum, and Neo.

Main Story:

Bitcoin also dropped from a Friday high of $15,266 to as low as $12,350 on Saturday. The previous two weeks have been extremely unstable for the first cryptocurrency, as it has accomplished an all-time high of $20,000 on Dec. 17, 2017, just to hold it for a single day and then losing around 32 percent of that value during the following couple of days.

The most recent fall is the continuation of that trend and there seems to be no recovery in sight as of yet.

Ripple, which has quite recently displaced Ethereum as the most elevated altcoin by market capitalization, has comparably dropped by 20 in the past two days. In spite of experiencing a powerful surge this week, it hasn’t been able to evade the “crypto slaughter.”

Luckily for holders of Ethereum, its drop has been less prominent. A tumble from $769 to $685, constituting only 11 percent loss of value, looks substantially more favorable to the performance of Bitcoin and Ripple. Particularly if you think about the slight recovery of 2.22 percent over the last few hours.

Overall, 2017 has been a good year for Ethereum, as it rose from $8 to over $750.

Other cryptocurrencies such as Dash, Monero, Litecoin, Bitcoin Cash, etc. have also suffered major drops over the weekend. However, the year 2017, for the most part, has been positive for the vast majority of cryptos and the crypto-growth in 2018 is expected to continue in the similar fashion.

 

News Credit: cointelegraph

Image: Google images

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