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Tor is an open network and a free software which allows people to enjoy maximum level of security and privacy on the internet. Nothing comes close to Tor when it comes to hiding your identity while surfing the internet.

Tor hides your personal identity by routing your system’s internet traffic over several places on the internet. However, there are still some loopholes that you may want to eradicate in order to steer clear from any monitoring agencies.

In this article, we have discussed 5 Do’s and 5 Don’ts to enhance your online safety.

Related: Beginner’s Guide to Tor

Do’s To Increase Your Online Safety:

  1. Use Tor:

Anyone who is skeptical of the online privacy should never put his trust into people at the back of the internet such as ISPs, web service providers, government agencies, etc. Tor is the best browser for online anonymity and that’s the biggest reason why we recommend using it.

 

  1. Update Your System:

Tor is just another software which runs on top of your OS. Meaning that it is only as safe and secure as the system it runs on. We advise you to daily update your OS, Tor client, browser, email clients, instant messaging clients, etc.

If somehow, a hacker is able to get hold of your OS, then even Tor can’t protect your online privacy.

Related: The Truth Behind Whether Tor Browser Is Completely Anonymous Or Not

  1. Encrypt Your Data Storage:

Although Tor anonymizes your location, it does nothing to secure the digital data on your computer. Data protection on your system can only be achieved if you keep the data in encrypted form. So, make sure you use a strong encryption algorithm such as LUKS to keep your system from various threats.

 

  1. Disable Flash, Java, and JavaScript:

Using Tor with Java, Flash, and JavaSript leaves your data vulnerable to attackers. This is because these applications run with user account’s privileges which allow them to access/share your data.

  1. Delete Cookies And Local Data Of Site:

Tor browser hides your real identity using network packets and routes your traffic through numerous relays to protect you from traffic analysis. However, some websites may still be able to track your activities using cookies and data storage. In order to go complete anonymous, make sure your cookies and site’s local data is disabled.

5 Don’ts To Increase Your Online Safety:

  1. Do not use windows:

Windows is simply not best of the choices to improve your online privacy. The OS comes with several bugs and the loopholes that are present in the system and may leave you vulnerable to security issues. Rather use a Linux system for better Tor experience.

Related: Top 5 Proxies To Access .Onion Sites Wihtout Tor

  1. Avoid Using HTTP Websites:

The onion router is only a traffic router and does not encrypt the network traffic through the internet. This means that the origin of your network traffic is only anonymized inside the tor network and not outside of it; which results in exit nodes of Tor reading your internet traffic in the form of unencrypted data. The best way to avoid this is using end-to-end encryption such as TLS or SSL while on Tor.

  1. Do Not Use Tor Browser Bundle:

Do not use Tor browser bundle for online privacy under any circumstances. A recent FBI breakdown of freedom hosting (a hidden web hosting service running on Tor network) was only possible due to vulnerabilities of Tor browser bundle. So, make sure you are not using this bundle.

 

  1. Do Not Use P2P:

Tor network is not built for P2P file sharing as the exit nodes of the network are specifically meant to block file sharing. Plus, downloading torrents is considered abuse to the Tor network as it slows down the speed for other users browsing on the network and increases the threat to your online privacy. So it’s better to not use P2P on Tor.

 

  1. Do Not Use Google:

If you care about your privacy, do not use Google at all. Google is infamous for collecting user information and browsing data to aid the growth of its ads revenue. The best alternatives to Google for Tor are DuckDuckGo and StartPage.

 

Conclusion:

It’s not easy to steer clear when everyone is after your privacy. Despite all its vulnerabilities and weakness, Tor is still the best privacy tool we have for our online security. However, in order to bypass all these security threats, just follow the Do’s and Don’ts discussed above and you will be good to go.

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Bitcoin Explained

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Bitcoin

Following the uncertainty of the current world and its unstable economy where currencies face great flux every day, a new economy was introduced under the alias Satoshi Nakamoto. Under the worlds infinite disarray, Bitcoin emerged as a decentralized and a digital cash system with regulated by almost no one.

This peer-to-peer networking system runs through electronic signatures and crypto graphics to generate currency- Bitcoins. Bitcoins are not only a form of currency but also a form of investment for some investors who keep these coins in hopes of an increase in their value and enjoy the opportunity cost.

Mining

Just like normal everyday cash, this currency doesn’t have to be printed and issued by the federals or the central banks. Bitcoins are generated through a process called ‘mining’. These coins are mined out of the system by giving complex and advanced mathematical problems for your computer to solve. The target is to generate a 64-digit number as an answer to that puzzle. When a system solves the given complex algorithm, it obtains a specific fraction of Bitcoins every time.

The bitcoin network automatically sets the difficulty level of the mine to be mine next. On average, there are around 25 Bitcoins mined every 10 minutes. During the process, only a set number of Bitcoins can be mined during a certain period. After every four years, this reward is halved. Currently, it is up to 12.5 Bitcoins for every mathematical problem solved.

Limited Supply

Fiat currencies have an unlimited supply and their value can be easily manipulated anytime by the regulatory bodies. Given its independent nature, Bitcoin has tightly restricted supply controlled by the underlying algorithm of the system. There is a set number of coins that can ever be mined ever. A total number of 21 million bitcoins exist in the system.

Bitcoin at its peak has managed to engage the market by over 2 million dollars. The lowest has been $2. Today the value roughly swifts around $9,000.

No economy supports the sudden fluctuations in the system. Too much too fast will result in the dropping of the value of the currency. Too much too slow will cause the economy to halt. Due to these reasons, Bitcoin has a self-stabilizing system to regulate the economy at the most favorable grounds.

Exchangers allow the holders to transfer and buy or sell these Bitcoin crypto coins among other users. One of the famous platforms is Bitstamp. This allows users to buy Bitcoins in fiat currency and also enables them to sell them to other potential users. Bitstamp enables users to store the coins too as e-wallets. But beware of the hackers, as they can dangerously destabilize these digital economies.

With the gradual growing influence of these cryptocurrencies in the world today, a lot of applications and platforms have shown loyalty to the Bitcoin. Platforms like WikiLeaks and WordPress have started accepting bitcoins as means of their payments and transaction currency.

MintChip

Inspired by the Bitcoin, the Canadian government has launched a similar cryptocurrency named, MintChip. This electronic currency is backed by the government, unlike the Bitcoin.

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Buy Bitcoin in UK – 6 Best ways to buy Bitcoin in UK

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This article explains six easy methods of buying Bitcoin in UK. There are several options to choose from, such as buying Bitcoin using cash, card, or bank transfer. Based on your level of convenience, you can choose whichever you want.

Ways To Buy Bitcoin In UK

Method 1 – Buy Bitcoin With Credit Card In The UK:

The steps involved in buying Bitcoin with credit card in UK are:

  • Pick a Website: Some of the best sites to buy Bitcoin with credit card in the UK include Bittylicious, CoinCorner, and Circle. The process mostly includes some steps which are chosen service and follow their on-site instructions. A new arrival named ‘Circle’ may change this trend but they are newcomers and don’t officially support UK cards.
  • Enter the Amount You Want to Convert: The limits of transactions may be low at the start but they will increase after the first successful transaction or after finishing their verification procedures.
  • Enter the Bitcoin Wallet Address to which you want to transfer the coins.
  • Make the Card Payment.
  • Depending on restrictions and a time limit set by each site, you’ll receive your bitcoins.

Method 2 – Buy Bitcoin Using a Buying Service:

Some steps to buy Bitcoin using a buying service are:

  • Pick a service: The purpose of buying services is to make it easy to buy a small amount of Bitcoin. Best options in the UK include Bittylicious, SpeedyBitcoin, QuickBitcoin, CoinCorner, and CoinDuit. Some of them accept cards and some accept cash payments.
  • Enter the amount You want to exchange.
  • Enter the Bitcoin Wallet Address to which you want to transfer the coins.
  • You will pay them usually by Bank Transfer, and you must have the transaction reference which they provide you with.
  • Within 15 minutes after the payment, you’ll receive your coins.

Method 3 – Buy Bitcoin Using an Exchange:

  • Go to a Bitcoin Exchange as CoinCorner and CoinFloor and create an account. CoinCorner and CoinFloor allow you to pay directly in Pounds. You may also choose Bitstamp and Kraken but these Exchanges will involve a conversion of Pounds to Euros and also a SEPA transfer. Generally, this conversion results in an additional fee. This is the best option if you buy Bitcoin regularly or in bigger quantities as the Exchange rates are generally competitive. If you are just starting, you must prefer to use a different option.
  • Transfer money by SEPA or Bank Transfer.
  • Wait for your money to clear about 1 to 4 working days. This differs between Exchanges.
  • Transfer your money for bitcoins.
  • Transfer your Coins from Exchange to your Bitcoin Wallet.

Method 4 – Buy Bitcoin With ATM:

  • Check if there is a Bitcoin ATM nearby.
  • Make sure before going to the ATM that you’ve some Sterling notes because these machines don’t accept credit/debit cards.
  • Go to the ATM. You may also have to bring Proof of ID because some ATM machines require this.
  • Follow the on-screen instructions.

Method 5 – Buy Bitcoin From a Friend Who Owns Bitcoin:

  • Find a friend who already owns Bitcoin.
  • Check the exchange rate.
  • Decide a number of Pounds which you want to exchange.
  • Pay them your Pounds.
  • Provide them your Bitcoin Wallet address so your friends can pay you in Bitcoin.

Method 6 – Buy Bitcoin Using a Trader:

  • Find a Bitcoin Trader as Mycelium, BitBargain, and LocalBitcoins.
  • Choose a Trader with a respectable reputation score.
  • Send a message to Trader and ask further details about how to pay. For pay through cash agree the meeting place and time.
  • When the seller gets the payments, the seller issues the Bitcoin amount to Bitcoin Wallet address you provided.

These are some methods that you can use to buy Bitcoin in UK. Wishing you good luck with your purchase!

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Why Bitcoin Terrifies Big Banks | Interview with Andreas Antonopoulos

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A Beginner’s Guide to What Is Block Chain and How Does It Work

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What Is Block Chain

The Blockchain is a public ledger which is used to keep the record of Bitcoin transactions or the transactions made in some other cryptocurrency.

There are three essential technologies used in Blockchain and none of them are new. Instead, it is their arrangement and application methods that are new.

These technologies include:

  1. Cryptographic keys
  2. Distributed Network
  3. Record-keeping and network security.

In this article, we have tried to make clear as to how these technologies cooperate to secure the digital relationships.

Technologies Used in Blockchain – Cryptographic Keys:

Suppose, two individuals need to make an online transaction of bitcoin, each of them holds a public and a private key. Both the keys are in an encrypted form.

The principle motivation behind having a public and private key is to create a digital identity reference. The Identity of a client depends on the blend of two keys.

The blend of these keys is additionally called “digital signature”, which, consequently, gives a strong control of possession.

However, having strong control of possession is not enough to secure digital relationships. While authentication is solved, it must be consolidated with a means of approving transactions and authorization.

In Blockchains, this starts with a distributed network.

Distributed Networks:

The concept of distributed networks can easily be understood with the “falling tree in the forest” example.

If a tree falls in a forest and we have cameras to record the event, we can positively say that the tree fell since we have the visual confirmation. Same can be said in regards to distributed networks.

A substantial piece of bitcoin Blockchain is a huge system of validators – similar to the cameras in above example – where they reach an agreement that they all witnessed the similar event in the meantime. But instead of cameras, they utilize mathematical verification.

To put it plainly, the size of a distributed network is critical for the security of the system.

Distributed networks are one of the primary elements of “Bitcoin Blockchain“. At the time of writing, the system is secured by 3,500,000 TH/s, more than the top 10,000 banks on the planet combined.

The System of Record Keeping and Security:

Lastly, cryptographic keys are consolidated with the system to create a super useful form of digital interactions. The procedure starts with taking sender’s private key, then making a declaration that he is about to make a Bitcoin transaction — and finally appending his private key to the recipient’s public key.

With regards to the earlier example of falling tree, a realist may come up with the question, why there were dozens of PCs with cameras, holding up to record whether or not a tree falls.

Now, translating the same question in blockchain terminology, how do you attract the computing power for the maximum network security.

With blockchains, clients are offered special rewards in return for giving their PC’s processing power to secure the system. Which, ultimately, pulls in an extensive number of clients offering their machines’ computing power. The more the power, the more secure the system.

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