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Mastercard, which is considered as a payments giant has filed a patent, suggesting that it sees blockchain as a mean to protect the identity data. The U.S. Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) released an application on last Thursday, that Mastercard has defined a system in the application, in which a semi-private/private blockchain would be used to collect and store identity information, including; name, tax identification number, and street address.

blockchain based database

The Mastercard company has stated in the filing, that the technology could help it to block the use of false identity data inside its systems, as it initially succumbed back in September 2017 and it seems like the Mastercard and blockchain get along with each other quite well.

Mastercard Company Statement

According to Mastercard:

“The use of a blockchain for the storage of identity and credential data may provide for an immutable storage of such data that can provide an accurate verification thereof and also prevent the fabrication of such data.”

The network proposed by Mastercard would just permit specific nodes to submit data. These authorized-nodes would work to avert the data addition that may negotiate the precision of the data stored within. The filing also elucidates that data files for all entities will be generated by the system respectively, which would be linked to a public key as well as geographic authority. The entities would be subsidiary, whereas a superior entity would carry out a digital sign on their data files.

Mastercard Approved Nodes:

Only nodes approved by Mastercard can update the identity information inside the system and according to Mastercard, the projected system could perhaps substitute other ways of demonstrating the identity that might be vulnerable to forgery and imprecisions.

The company also said:

“In such instances, it may be difficult for an entity to disprove a false identity, leading to an interaction with an inauthentic individual or entity. Thus, there is a need for a technical solution to provide for the immutable storage of identity and credential data that may prevent fabrication and inaccuracies.”

 

Until now, Mastercard has submitted numerous patent applications related to the blockchain. One filing proposed an infrastructure that could enable refund services for the users of cryptocurrency. Another filing explained a blockchain based database that could promptly process payments, notably dropping the transaction settlement times. Also, the payments tech company announced that it was going to hire 175 new technology developers, as well as blockchain specialists.

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Can Bitcoin become a Legal property?

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More and more people join the Bitcoin community every day. Thus, the drive to determine how it can integrate into mainstream society becomes even more essential. The questions that strike to everyone is whether any traditional laws apply to Bitcoin or not.

Although these determinations might bring implications to its holders and Bitcoin itself, and few will play a bigger role in the United States than property laws, which could ultimately govern ownership over the digital currency.

A new white paperTreatment of Bitcoin Under U.S Property Law, assembled by Perkins Coie. The report seeks to analyze how the worlds of virtual currency and property law intersect. Perkins Coie is an international law firm that specializes in blockchain technology and digital currency, also it has been active in space since 2013. It is pretty detailed and well researched but the paper’s conclusion is straightforward and transparent.

“We conclude that property interests should exist in Bitcoin under such law and that multiple sources of persuasive authority provide additional support for that conclusion,” the paper’s authors, J. Dax Hansen and Joshua L. Boehm, wrote.

The paper starts off with an overview of Bitcoin’s technological aspects and what those mean for how property law can apply to it.  The authors use California state law and Bitcoin transactions as an example and make their case.

“Parties may … enter into contractual arrangements in which one party entrusts partial or complete control of such private key(s) to a third party while still maintaining formal title to the bitcoin value represented inapplicable [unspent transaction outputs],” the paper reads. “These kinds of contractual arrangements are commonplace in custodial, trust, and escrow settings, which have generated well-developed legal principles that should generally translate to bitcoin custodial contexts.”

Even the country’s superior law professors support the idea that intangible property rights should apply to Bitcoin:

“Property law scholars who have encountered the bitcoin ownership issues in the context of broader, more theoretical undertakings have reached the same general conclusion… that is, interests in bitcoin should be protected by property law.”

The author further describes how Bitcoin has been widely treated as property by legal divisions and thus can be owned as one.

“Although the concept of ‘property’ is fundamentally a matter of state law in the United States, it is also important that bitcoin has been widely treated as property for the purposes of other state and federal statutory regimes,” reads the paper. “These treatments and assumptions have already had substantial consequences for the bitcoin sector. They, therefore, constitute informal but persuasive legal precedent further indicating that bitcoin can be owned as property.”

The author also pointed out the challenges that would come along with treating the currency as legal property. These include the lack of traceability that comes with Bitcoin, the multisignature arrangements, and pseudo-anonymity. Although, the authors are still positive that these obstacles can be overcome as the technology evolves.

“To be sure, difficulties in tracing ownership of particular bitcoin units across successive owners could cause some challenges in certain commercial use cases,” they wrote, but “blockchain technology itself has enables, and will likely continue to enable, solutions to obstacles that do arise.”

It appears to be that the worlds of Bitcoin and formal legal precedent are rapidly coming to a head. This could be a turning point for Bitcoin’s future.

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Cryptocurrency Mining Stocks – Which ones are the best?

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Cryptocurrency mining is a process through which businesses/persons with high-powered computers and servers compete against each other in order to solve extremely complicated mathematical equations – result of the encryption which is designed to protect transactions on a blockchain network. Top cryptocurrencies use mining process; however, others use different methods.

top cryptocurrencies

There are other factors that you

keep in mind, since there are inflated costs included in the crypto mining, as well.

must

  • Thousands of servers, processingunits, and hard drives are used for solving complex equations, making it a highly intense electricity practice.
  • This doesn’t only increase the electric bill, but also creates a lot of heat, so a cooling system might be required for it as well.
  • Likewise, hardware becomes outdated real-quick, so miners are also required to upgrade their equipment on daily basis to remain competitive.

Mineable Cryptocurrencies

All virtual currencies are not mineable. Mineable cryptocurrencies are:

  • Bitcoin
  • Ethereum
  • Bitcoin Cash
  • Litecoin
  • Monero
  • Dash

However, other cryptocurrencies like Ripple, E

 

OS, Cardano, Stellar, IOTA, and NEO, use a different technique of transaction validation, which is known as “proof of stake.”

Cryptocurrency mining isn’t viable for everyone, though it has been lucrative. There are many ways through which investors can gain exposure to crypto mining.

 

AMD and NVIDIA

The most protuberant names of the bunch are:

  • NVIDIA
  • Advanced Micro Devices (AMD)

They are quite popular for their PC-based microprocessors and graphics card, respectively. However, no company has been impending related to how much of their sales are linked to cryptocurrency mining, but at the same time, each company has evidently profited from the sale of graphics processing units (GPU).

 

In reality, the demand for GPUs is quite strong and the price of graphics cards, including the new and the old ones is also increasing. This truly makes a little bit of a conundrum for both AMD and NVIDIA, as AMD is more commonly known. The main customers of both companies are potential gaming enthusiasts as well as enterprise customers.

If cryptocurrency mining demand keeps on plucking the supply from the market, the high price for graphics cards could come as an upheaval amid AMD and NVIDIA’s customers. On the other hand, if these companies make a product just for cryptocurrency mining, they will probably cut down the prices by cumulative supply and cram the sales.

Although both companies surely have so much going on outside the cryptocurrency mining industry, but still there’s a possibility that their share prices could consider the ebbs and tides of virtual currency token prices – consequently, making it something unforgettable.

 

TSMC (Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Company)

Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Company is among growing cryptocurrency mining stocks and isn’t really keen on revealing its sales percentage.  TSMC reported strong first-quarter functioning results last week, including a 6% upsurge in its sales from the prior-year period. The co-CEO and president of TSMC, C. Wei, explicitly said that these consequences were largely driven by robust demand for high-performance computing like “cryptocurrency mining.”

 

HIVE Blockchain Technologies

Well, if you want cryptocurrency mining exposure deprived of running your particular own mining operation, there is over-the-counter exchange-listed HIVE Blockchain Technologies. This widely traded cryptocurrency mining firm is trying to ramp up its operations in Iceland and Sweden at this time – envisions making almost $150 million in revenue every year from its operations.

Iceland and Sweden provide commercial kilowatt-per-hour electricity prices; below the European average. In addition to that, these are comparatively temperate nations, which could help in keeping mining equipment imperturbable.

Even with being a cryptocurrency mining start-up, HIVE Blockchain has already turned a revenue in its latest reported quarter. Certainly, the $149,724 in revenue was insignificant and resulted in $0.00 in returns per-share. It seems like HIVE could make over 10 times – each quarter when completely ramped up.

HIVE Blockchain isn’t specifically selling all of the tokens that it is mining. It does hang on to few of these coins, hoping they will appreciate in value. Consequently, HIVE directly allows an investor to access crypto mining margins, along with the movement in a trickle of some reputable digital currencies. However, some risks are also included.

Risks

  • As long as the business is totally devoted to cryptocurrency mining and lacks sales diversity, investors must know that if virtual currency prices drop significantly, their investment in HIVE could also drop.
  • Also, if you want to raise capital, it won’t be astonishing if HIVE Blockchain dilutes current investors through “bought-deal offerings.”

These are some risks that stock investors must have to endure; especially if they want to directly access a publicly-traded crypto mining stock.

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The cryptocurrency market is growing

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Today, Bitcoin is number one in the cryptocurrencies’ race. But, the recent data shows that crypto market’s share may drop significantly coming year.

There is rising consensus:

More than 900 cryptocurrencies inventions, introduce the transparent and crystal-clear payments process. Few had the work on cryptocurrency border market and on its evolving, special thanks to Abeer ElBahrawy who explores that crypto-market is getting more complex and mature. This market’s growth also bears a notable similarity to an evolution of networks in different areas. By providing insight into digital market’s way, might have changed in future.

Big challenge:

The most important challenge of the cryptocurrencies is to avoid illegal copying. For that purpose, digital currency uses two mechanisms to avoid.

Public record:

The system put out each transaction in the public record. And, store the copies of these transactions online. This allows its users to compare updated accordingly. These prevent the double spending.

Protection of the ledger:

In the second mechanism, the ledger is protected cryptographically. Each update gathers the new coming transactions and adds to the existing ledger. Accordingly, the earlier ledger is frozen and encrypted.

Block:  

This ledger new version creates the block, which holds the copies of the earlier ledger. You have the option to copy the encrypted data to generate a number that has the ability to check the reliability of the block. But its hard to generate that number. This feature makes the system more secure by providing an easy check of the blocks but tremendously tough to copy.

Crypto-analyses:

ElBahrawy do an analysis of the 1500 digital currencies appeared in 2013 and now more than 600 are alive. According to him, the digital market is going in the phase of exponential growth. In addition, its current cost is $54billion out of $60 trillion, the total amount of money of the world.

Distribution power law:

While, when the crypto market is rising speedily. ElBahrawy and his team show the stable aspect of it. Like, if all the digital currencies are alive same as in 2013 as has the market share distribution. This distribution has the ability to reproduce the standard model of evolution. It is a process where currencies’ rates are figured out and die away.

In addition, This law is occurring in almost all the sectors like the same law has to describe the religion in the world, languages of different areas, birth rate and death rate as well. ElBahrawy says, “The fit with the data shows that there is no detectable population-level consensus on what is the ‘best’ currency or that different currency are advantageous for different uses.”

Except for this external significant manipulation of this market, there will be noteworthy multiplicity in crypto-market for foreseeable future.

 

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Install, Backup And Restore A Bitcoin Wallet. Or, Almost Any CryptoCoin Wallet (Windows)

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