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Back in 2017, a boom in ICO creation was seen as hundreds of companies that were formed on the Blockchain with its attached digital currency were born in the form of an investable token. SEC (Securities and Exchange Commission) already had a closer look at the ICOs token and has declared them securities in most cases. Not every token that is being developed off the Blockchain should have that quality that directs it to be categorized as securities. Only a few other types of tokens are available that can be built off the Blockchain and one of them are utility tokens.

Although there are more than two types of tokens, it’s still essential to improve these two types, as they can be used in defining a new token that comes through an ICO- the security and utility token. To understand the divergence between these two tokens, a direction can be selected by ICO that can work better for them.

utility tokens

What is Security Token?

If a value of crypto-token originates from an external tradable asset, it is categorized as a security token. If we look at the DAO tokens from 2016, it was declared by SEC that ICO tokens might be a subject to federal securities laws. ICO tokens never meant to be securities, but the chairman of SEC, Jay Clayton, noted that every ICO token that SEC has seen so far is considered as security and clarified, that if a crypto-asset that is allotted by a company upsurges in worth over time, depending on the company’s performance, it is also considered as security.

What is Utility Token?

Utility tokens are another style of tokens that serve a role in various cases where there’s a requirement of the security token. A utility token represents the future access to a service or a product of the company. The characteristic that defines the utility tokens is that they’re not intended for investments. If they’re properly organized, then this characteristic frees utility tokens from federal laws governing securities.

You can also say that utility tokens are the coupons for the company. It’s basically a token that is different from the typical ICO token that is being used by many at this time. Despite the fact that it’s not perfect for every company, there are still many examples where utility tokens have a great place against the security tokens.

Should you choose utility over security?

Many companies rely on the “securities” but still, there are many companies that will not do the same. There is a collection of multiple types of utility tokens as each of them has different features that could include the needs of ICO. So, it’s really important to split the tokens into fungible or non-fungible.

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Introducing Blockchain-Based E-Voting system in Moscow

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It was in 2014 when Moscow’s Mayor, Sergei Sobyanin launched an innovative Active Citizen app. This app was actually an e-voting platform designed solely for the residents of Moscow to vote on municipal projects pertaining to non-political city decisions, e.g.; naming of subway stations, setting up speed limits, plotting of bus routes, replacing the building’s entrance door or even hiring a new management company etc.

The Active Citizen app was a huge success since its launch, more than 2,800 polls were being administered and over 2 million users participated via the app. But according to some critics this app grew vulnerable to manipulation with the passage of time.

That’s why, Moscow officials announced that they have piloted the Active Citizen onto the blockchain technology in order to minimize the vulnerability issue.

Usually, the term of blockchain is referred to the cryptocurrency transactions. It is a sort of a digitalized and decentralized online database pertaining to public ledger of crypto transactions and interactions. Though specific for tracking secure financial transactions of cryptocurrency, it will now also be used in the e-voting platform of Moscow.

blockchain based e voting

What makes it a safest choice?

Russia’s National Settlement Depository (NSD) has successfully tested this blockchain based e-proxy voting system. This voting system is comprised of the following steps:

  • In the first step a Bondholder will pass vote to a nominal bondholder (NB)
  • The Nominal bondholder will in turn submit that vote to the blockchain
  • The designated Counting commission will count the votes and submit their results to the blockchain
  • Bondholder can latter verify whether the votes were counted correctly or not.

Hence it can be easily concluded that the process of blockchain based e-voting will resemble the secure crypto transactions to a great extent. Once the vote will be placed, it will be listed in a ledger consisting all the votes taken place across a node-to-node fully secure network. So, there will be no chance of data loss, fraud or third-party alteration once the vote has been casted.

In other words, blockchain is becoming a hallmark of digital accountability and security. It comprises of such a complicated mechanism of digitized security that it is almost impossible for the general public to ‘’hack’’ it in their traditional way.

According to some experts the use of blockchain technology will improve the transparency of e-voting system in Moscow and it should also be tried in the general elections as well.

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What are The Most Renowned Retailers and Services That Accept Bitcoin

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A number of websites already accept bitcoin as a payment option. So, you are lucky you have them. Now, get ready to shop and spend the bitcoins. If you are confused how to start and where to start. In this article, you’ll read about the websites that are accepting bitcoins.

Overstock

In January 2014, overstock was the first retailer which start accepting bitcoin as the payment option. Overstock partnering up with coinbase, which is the worldwide Bitcoin exchange. The company allows its customers to shop and make payments in bitcoins.

First, if you don’t own any bitcoins, you need to get them from an exchange or friend. Second, you are free to shop at overstock.com by using bitcoins. As the first and foremost retailer, Overstock expand its criteria of accepting bitcoin as the payment option. Third, click the “pay with bitcoin” on the checkout page.

Expedia

Expedia is worldwide online travel booking agencies. Which is accepting bitcoin as a hotel booking payments since June 2014. Same as overstock.com, Expedia associate with coinbase and start booking payments in bitcoin. Moreover, flights, activities and other payments may in the bitcoin.

Foodler

Foodler provides online food services and gets payments in bitcoin. While it was the early adopter of the bitcoin since 2013.

The customer has the option to order food and make payments around 20,000+ Foodler restaurant partners. These restaurants aren’t accepting bitcoin directly. Whereas, Foodler convert bitcoin into USD to pay the restaurant.

Newegg

Electronic retailer giant started accepting bitcoin since 2014. In addition, BitPay is the Newegg’s processing partners for digital currencies. There are few purchases which do not accept the bitcoin as a payment.

  • Gift cards
  • Marketplace subscription
  • Subscription order
  • Pre-orders
  • Premier membership
  • Return shipping labels
  • Will call order

First, you have to select the desired shipping option. Second, follow the payment procedure. Third, review the terms and conditions of the Newegg. Forth, Payment procedure of bitcoin includes;

  • If software wallet is on computer, click the button “pay with bitcoin”
  • If it is on smart phone, kindly scan QR code
  • On the web, you need to click “view address” and link to wallet address

Make an order and send the respected amount. Fifth, after fund transfer, paid invoice will be shown to the customer. And confirmed email will be sent.

Tiger direct

Customers have the option to shop up to 200,000 with bitcoin payments. It is teamed up with coinbase same as Expedia since 2014.

Shopify stores

An online eCommerce platform allows the customers to join and set up their own business just like Etsy or eBay. All 75,000+ merchants accepting bitcoin with the help of BitPay since 2013.

Dish

One of the largest company accepts Bitcoin payment since 2014. A satellite and internet provider network teamed up with coinbase.

 

Goodluck!

 

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Dream Market’s Down – What Are The Alternatives?

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You’re probably familiar with the news on the take down of two of the largest online darknet marketplaces – AlphaBay and Hansa. It’s being called as the largest international operation against the dark web’s marketplaces conducted by the FBI, DEA and Dutch National Police. Dream market reddit trying to exit scams about cryptocurrencies.

However, it was ironic how the federal authorities took down AlphaBay but took Hansa under their charge and kept it running for around a month just to keep an eye out on the happenings of its daily visitors. Also, the visitors of AlphaBay Market had flooded the Hansa Market since they were forced by the seizer.

In addition, many of AlphaBay’s users found refuge in other dark markets as well such as Dream Market, which is said to be the second-largest darknet marketplace. But this safe haven is seemingly on the red alert as well as some Reddit users on various “r/Dream_Market” threads are concerned about the marketplace.

A Reddit user claims that Dream Market might already be under the federal authorities control. This is what the user’s post said.

“I got contacted by an ex-Hansa staff member telling me that the operation is apparently bigger than we currently assume, that ‘there will be a bloodbath, a purge’ and that ‘any vendor on HANSA should immediately seize his operation, lawyer up and hide his trails’.”

Another Reddit user claimed to have found a non-encrypted IP address in Dream Market’s source code, saying that the police have possibly taken control of the black market and are now observing all the activities of its visitors.

Now you might be wondering what are other alternatives that you could visit that are not on the radar right now. Well, fret no more.

Here are 3 of the closest options you can get of the above-mentioned darknet marketplaces:

3 Best Alternatives Of Dream Market:

  1. Silk Road 3.1:

As we all know, Silk Road has been taken down several times before but that has never stopped it from rising back up. This proves that as long as the Darknet Markets remain, so will Silk Road. It is still growing in popularity which is a good sign since it means its laying low.  

  1. RAMP:

Russian Anonymous Marketplace is one of the oldest darknet markets to exist. With a forum based interface and a range of drugs from light to hard, it is a good alternative. Especially since it’s pretty old, it has got good reviews.

Last but not the least…

  1. Bermuda:

Bermuda is a brand new darknet marketplace that is said to provide an escrow service based on Bitcoin for a safe and smooth trading procedure. The advantage of it being entirely new is that it’ll be completely off the radar so you are in good hands. According to some reviews, it’s doing good in the market, so definitely check it out in case you’re looking a safer alternative.

 

Story & Image Credits: thehackernews.com

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