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What is Bitcoin?

Bitcoin is a digital currency and this world-wide payment system has been all over the news for several years now. Bitcoin was basically created as a reward for a process called mining and it can be exchanged for products and other currencies. Bitcoin was the first cryptocurrency but in 2009, it appeared for the first time from a developer named, Satoshi Nakamoto and all cryptocurrencies that were created after Bitcoin are called Altcoins.

Just because Bitcoin is completely digital and doesn’t really match to any of the existing fiat currency, it’s not really easy for a newcomer to understand what it is actually about. So, let’s find out how does Bitcoin work and what is it exactly about!

How does it Work?

As we already know that it is a digital currency, to understand how does Bitcoin work is going to be a little complex. Bitcoin is not a physical element like coins, the verification and value of each Bitcoin is provided by a global peer-to-peer network.

Bitcoin is conducted on a public ledger known as blockchain and because it’s transferred digitally, it automatically means that it exits only online. It has a monetary value just like gold and is also decentralized. You don’t need a bank to use it, because it’s not managed by a single person but rather a group of people called miners, who process its transactions.

Blockchain:

It’s miner’s responsibility to ensure that bitcoin transactions that are made by the users are legit and after that, all confirmed transactions are added to the blockchain.  In this way, spendable balance can be calculated and new transactions can be verified. The veracity and the sequential order of the blockchain are obligated with cryptography.

Transactions:

You must’ve been confused about what exactly transaction is. It is basically a transfer of value between Bitcoin wallets that is also included in the blockchain. Bitcoin wallet stores the information that is essential for the transaction of bitcoins. It also has a private key which keeps a secret data and is used to sign transactions. It also provides a mathematical proof that they’ve actually come from the owner’s wallet. A plus point about “signature” is that it prevents the transaction from being changed by anyone else after it’s been issued. Each transaction is broadcasted between its users and it often gets confirmed by the network within the following 10 minutes, through a process known as mining.

Mining:

Mining is a process in which records are kept through the use of computer processing power. It is a distributed consensus system that confirms the waiting transactions by adding them in the block chain. It protects the impartiality of the network, imposes a sequential disorder in the block chain and allows multiple computers to settle on the system’s state.

To get these transactions confirmed, they must have to be packed in a block that fits quite strict cryptographic rules that are going to be verified by the network. These rules also help in preventing previous blocks from being altered because by doing that, it would overturn all the subsequent blocks.

Mining can also make the equal of a competitive lottery that averts individuals from adding new blocks easily in the block chain and in this way, no individual can regulate what’s added in the block chain or swap parts of the blockchain to get back their own spends.

If you want to get involved in the top-cryptocurrency, make sure to do your research on how does bitcoin work. It can be a profitable and a thrilling investment, but just like other investments, it’s always better to look out for safety.

Image Credit : Steemit

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