ICOs (Initial Coin Offerings) have skyrocketed in the past few years. A lot of attention has been given to regulatory matters than the potential tax issues that may soon arise for both investors as well as issuers. The IRS (Internal Revenue Service) didn’t issue any guidance related to the tax treatment of token issuances. Taxpayers are mostly left to apply existing-tax-rules, depending on regulations and models that offer flawed analogies to token issuances.
Cryptocurrency and Taxes
Overall, the facts of a certain token issuance, which includes the rights related to tokens must be scrutinized to regulate the proper characterization of the tokens for tax-related matters. A token has to be considered as an equity interest in the issuing entity, however, the tax consequences to the holders and issuers will rely on the buckets that token falls into.
The rules can be way too much complex if the equity interest is in a partnership, and if the taxable income partnership will surge over to the investors, so they may have a constant tax liability. Furthermore, if an investor uses “appreciated cryptocurrency” to get the tokens, it will end up in current-tax to the investor on the appreciated cryptocurrency, however, considering other facts, the investor may have the ability to claim that the cryptocurrency exchange for tokens was “tax-deferred.”
There are few token issuers that issue some of their tokens for free through an “airdrop.” Receivers usually sign up for airdropped-tokens through the website of the issuer, and sometimes they have to use social media platforms to disseminate information about tokens in order to receive them. For the receiver, the value of tokens that he/she receives in an airdrop is a taxable income.
Token issuers usually pre-sell some tokens via SAFT or SAFE-T. The holder, under a SAFT usually pays a fixed-amount for getting the right to collect a determinable number of tokens. SAFT often provide that the envisioned SAFT’s tax treatment is as a “forward contract.” If this treatment is appreciated, then the tax on the purchase amount must be delayed ’til the tokens get delivered to the SAFT holder.
Though, SAFT as a forward contract won’t necessarily be appreciated by the Internal Revenue Service, as the agency may pursue to re-characterize SAFT to extricate it from a traditional prepaid “forward contract.”
Based on SAFE (Simple Agreement for Future Equity), SAFE-T is planned to be considered as an equity instead of alterable debt. SAFE-T’s tax treatment is ambiguous; however, it comprises the elements of both SAFE and SAFT.
It’s quite clear from that there’s only a little guidance from the IRS about how token offering is treated for tax purposes. Determining how to describe these tools for tax-purposes is an exhaustive procedure. Issuers must look up for a tax adviser to get some help in organizing their token offerings.
In 2017, the cryptocurrency conjecture went mainstream. By going mainstream, it means that the market isn’t dominated by cryptocurrency enthusiasts anymore. We’ll have to accept that the mainstream investors with even a little bit of knowledge of cryptocurrencies are in charge of the market.
A Wall Between Investor And Stupid:
The unit price of a coin is a pointless basis for making investment choices. Even a bitcoin could’ve been a sub-cent item if Satoshi had chosen the final cap to be 21 quadrillions instead of 21 million and the unit price of a bitcoin would’ve been $0.00001697 right now instead of $16,790. But the total market cap still would be $284 billion. Nothing would change except that everyone would have million times more bitcoin and the unit price would be also quite cheaper.
Since many cryptocurrencies, as well as bitcoin, are divisible down to Satoshis (10^8), no matter what the supply is, as long as the currency has enough particles to go around for the economic use cases imagined so it could function properly. The number isn’t much important itself, although it doesn’t affect the unit prices, which automatically means that it has a massive impact on the investment choices of mainstream investors.
You must’ve been wondering the reason why we look for the market caps when we compare coins. Well, this is because it is how we compare cryptocurrency’s values as a whole, instead of just looking at the unit prices. To envisage this in a fine way, we can normalize the supply for various altcoins to see what the prices would be if they all had the same supply.
Zcash is the best example to explain what this actually means. Zcash supply when all the coins are mined the same as bitcoin (21 million), but right now, there are only 31 million mined ones. Also, when you’re looking at sites like Coinmarketcap, it’ll tell you that Zcash has a market cap of just $2.1 billion. It places Zcash far down on the list because it has just 0.6% of bitcoin’s market cap.
The price of Zcash is $727 which is almost 3.2% of bitcoin’s $16,098. You’ll have to pay 0.035 bitcoin to buy Zcash if you’re buying with a bitcoin. Zcash must accumulate a market cap of $12bn, to climb to the 12th spot on Coinmarketcap. The reason why the site is listing the coins the way they are is that it tells us what the implied valuation is for coins when they’re bought at current prices.
You can get far in your determinations to become a more informed trader than most of the people in the market by just using your common sense and a calculator. Being able of properly comparing the coin valuation doesn’t matter if no one else is doing it.
It’ll take a lot of time for the markets to eventually force these prices to sort out themselves. Until they do it, it’s your diligence to ensure that you’re on the right side of that alteration.
Story credits: news.bitcoin.com
Image: Google images
Today, Bitcoin is number one in the cryptocurrencies’ race. But, the recent data shows that crypto market’s share may drop significantly coming year.
There is rising consensus:
More than 900 cryptocurrencies inventions, introduce the transparent and crystal-clear payments process. Few had the work on cryptocurrency border market and on its evolving, special thanks to Abeer ElBahrawy who explores that crypto-market is getting more complex and mature. This market’s growth also bears a notable similarity to an evolution of networks in different areas. By providing insight into digital market’s way, might have changed in future.
The most important challenge of the cryptocurrencies is to avoid illegal copying. For that purpose, digital currency uses two mechanisms to avoid.
The system put out each transaction in the public record. And, store the copies of these transactions online. This allows its users to compare updated accordingly. These prevent the double spending.
Protection of the ledger:
In the second mechanism, the ledger is protected cryptographically. Each update gathers the new coming transactions and adds to the existing ledger. Accordingly, the earlier ledger is frozen and encrypted.
This ledger new version creates the block, which holds the copies of the earlier ledger. You have the option to copy the encrypted data to generate a number that has the ability to check the reliability of the block. But its hard to generate that number. This feature makes the system more secure by providing an easy check of the blocks but tremendously tough to copy.
ElBahrawy do an analysis of the 1500 digital currencies appeared in 2013 and now more than 600 are alive. According to him, the digital market is going in the phase of exponential growth. In addition, its current cost is $54billion out of $60 trillion, the total amount of money of the world.
Distribution power law:
While, when the crypto market is rising speedily. ElBahrawy and his team show the stable aspect of it. Like, if all the digital currencies are alive same as in 2013 as has the market share distribution. This distribution has the ability to reproduce the standard model of evolution. It is a process where currencies’ rates are figured out and die away.
In addition, This law is occurring in almost all the sectors like the same law has to describe the religion in the world, languages of different areas, birth rate and death rate as well. ElBahrawy says, “The fit with the data shows that there is no detectable population-level consensus on what is the ‘best’ currency or that different currency are advantageous for different uses.”
Except for this external significant manipulation of this market, there will be noteworthy multiplicity in crypto-market for foreseeable future.