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As the popularity of ICOs (Initial Coin Offerings) is mounting along market’s instability and other cryptocurrencies fraud around the world, a debate has emerged about the appropriate regulatory policies for cryptocurrencies and ICOs. The most frequently asked questions include the proper division of authority amid the SEC (Securities and Exchange Commission) and CFTC (Commodity Futures Trading Commission), whether authority of these commissions should reach the core of the cryptocurrency ecosystem, as others are expecting that a whole new regulatory rule is required for cryptocurrency and token fundraisers. This blog illustrates the congressional testimony on cryptocurrencies, which aims to reflect the existing regulatory approach that is being used by the regulators to observe and manage ICOs and cryptocurrencies, and how more regulatory clarity can be achieved in such markets.

ICO whitepaper

US Securities laws disclosure system is the prime one, where promoters can easily share information related to their company and management, openly. With SEC, this information is filed later. By dissimilarity, most of the ICO disclosures are enabled via “whitepapers” which are unregulated at this time, focusing mainly on the current technology and on such technologies that are under-development.

Investors and buyers of ICO tokens that are looking for a good return or technology users that are looking forward to contribute and support in an advanced product would have to expect certain disclosures for making a purchase in a conversant way. Some of the disclosures that have been identified by the entrepreneurs themselves are specifically relevant to ICOs transition.

Location of Promotors

According to a study, in 32% of ICOs, it is literally impossible to identify the promoter’s origin. From an investor’s point of view, this is a serious information asymmetry. It won’t be possible to identify what legal protections and rules are. without this information. Moreover, there are few ways through which investor can interact with related public authorities especially in case of fraud, like; loss or theft. So, ICO whitepaper should set out a comprehensive report of where the issuer and its key management are placed.

Issues

If we talk about the history of US Securities law, there was no such information important for investors than the financial statements of the issuer. Investors could easily evaluate the past performance of the company by scrutinizing income statements, cash flow and balance sheets, and by doing so, they could make well-versed guesses about the future performance of the company as well as its profitability.  A whole ecosystem of third-party auditors, credit rating agencies, and accountants, were settled due to the criticality of financial statements in securities offerings, to make sure the accuracy of financial statements.

ICOs serves for a different purpose as compared to most of the traditional IPOs (Initial Public Offerings). Rather than funding trading companies, ICOs involve products industrialized by startups identifying technology-based issues and offering the sale of solutions based on technology.

It’s not the past performance of the company or financial statements for most of the offerings, but it’s the venture’s technology plan. Therefore, guaranteeing that investors/retail buyers comprehend the crucial contours of the fundamental technology solution is ultimate as ICOs turn out to be a more and more popular way of fundraising.

Moreover, further technical chunks of the ICO whitepaper would be a perfect subject to a system of third-party authentication, especially for larger fundraises. Also, when describing the solution, hyperbole should be avoided by the promoters which are an endemic problem in whitepapers. Plus, investors should be required to identify an objective base for all the upcoming statements as well.

Blockchain

Investors should be well-versed about how the secondary infrastructure works, and how it is going to affect the governance of the token. Also, the consensus method for a virtual currency’s Blockchain should also be revealed as well, along with a summary of how the governance decisions, plus other decisions affect the network, such as; software upgrades, which will be synchronized amid the several investors such as designers, miners, and users.

Token’s Description

This is obvious that tokens can have a number of different economic and qualitative features, like; currency, utility, or securities. The disclosures would have to elucidate what it means to a typical holder, if the tokens are created in a technological format, complying with firm guidelines, like; ERC20 standard.

Likewise, if some efforts will be made for listing a token, for example, to list a securities token on an ATS (alternative trading system), or if there are trading limitations on the security, then such facts have to be disclosed in a way that is clear to the owner of the token. The description of token should specify the envisioned use of the coins that are issued in the offering, their quantity, plus whether the advisors will keep the reserve coins, and if they do, then how they’d liquidate them. Promoters should be required to reveal their intellectual ownership of the company’s protocol.

Technical Team Qualification

Common disclosure requirement in registered offerings is the information about the business experience of executive officers as the investors are given a sense of the quality of management and are probably the success of the company once it goes public. In ICOs, companies have restricted histories and the problem may be exceptional, if same information about the offering’s technical team could be evaluated. At the same time, coders have diverging backgrounds, as some are more qualified and experienced than others. Also, to provide investors with an intellect as to the proficiency and reliability of the white paper, many founders should provide all info linked to key engineering experience, skills, qualifications and other relevant features. Plus, it should also be mandatory for developers to provide links to their previous work.

Risks

ICOs should involve disclosures regarding the most substantial risk aspects affecting token holders in the offering document. Even though many investors will probably understand that even successful ventures can be later disintermediated by more effectual nonentities. A token holder may get astonished to discover that the product doesn’t function as it’s intended or might develop a purpose all-in-all contingent on the progress of the technology, possibly even less in all likelihood, the requirements of the contributors in the ecosystem. Shareholders should comprehend as well that the greater sectoral risks, including variations in the trade that could demote some designs of blockchain into further parts of the sector, making many tokens worthless. Buyers had to be completely aware of their latent susceptibility to hacking, disruption, and data-loss, also authorized subjects like privacy concerns and information transportability across borders.

No doubt, there are other imperative disclosures as well that should be operationalized in means that are way too much effective.

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Bitcoin mining hardware

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Is the bitcoin mining being really profitable? Some of this technology users say yes, it is profitable. Whereas, bitcoin mining is a difficult task while you are competing against Chinese miners. As the year 2016 was the best for mining described by the stakeholders. While mining of the bitcoin become difficult after a second halving event. Whereas, reward on mining of one block decline from 25 to 12.5 BTC.

You need more efficient mining hardware if you want to compete and continue with bitcoin mining process. Few of the mining hardware are given below,

Ant miner S5

This is the cheapest miner often known as the entry-level miner. Users of this device are fully satisfied with it. But the block reward is decreasing now. You are not able to generate 0.05 coins in revenues. In addition, to get full BTC, miners have to operate one year and eight months.

 

Bitcoin mining hardware

Ant miner S7

You have the ability to produce 0.15 bitcoin with ant miner S7 to become a leader. While, If the currency value continually growing up, it will be the very good investment. This device is better for the early adopter of the technology. Whereas, it is not enough strong to produce a large number of bitcoin.

 

Bitcoin mining hardware

Avalon 6

Avalon 6 is same as s5 and s7 with little changes. While the users of this technology are fully satisfied with it. Miners mostly select s7 instead of Avalon 6 because of it is $100 more expensive than s7. This software has the capacity to earn 0.12 bitcoin per month.

Bitcoin mining hardware

Ant miner R4

This mining machine is specially designed to mine bitcoin at home as a hobby. It has the ability to compete with s7. In addition, the upside of this hardware is cooling machine. Furthermore, it is quite compared to the other bitcoin miners. You can break even with this device within a year. Whereas, it involves the risky investments. And miners become outdated after six to nine month. ROI only produce in case of currency values continually increases.

 

Bitcoin mining hardware

Avalon 7

Bitcoin mining hardware

Avalon introduce the most recent mining device Avalon 7 or 721. It is quite cheap as compared to the modern mining hardware devices. In addition, with entry-level mining, miners can break even within two years.

Ant miner S9

It is basically a cream of the crop. In addition, with the capacity to mine 3 or 4 times more BTC, it is five-time expensive. This device uses electricity more efficiently because it provides the profit at a short time period.

Accordingly, this device is new in the market is the most sophisticated rig. Antminer has the capacity to mine 0.5 coin monthly in which extra expenses are not included. Whereas, with the greater hashing power Antminer S9 work efficiently.

Bitcoin mining hardware

Bitmain manufacturer

A top maker of the Application Specific Integrated Circuit hardware (ASIC) Bitmain is easily available for the public in a market. S9 is the latest model in the market. Whereas, its chip is smaller than the others mining hardware but is more efficient in working.

Accordingly, miners will be able to break even within the year.

Bitcoin mining hardware

Bitcoin mining hardware

Upcoming mining hardware

Following are some mining hardware with efficient mining capacity.

Fast- hash one

Fast- hash one series is including silver edition, gold edition, platinum edition means three model machine is in one setup. Machines come with the same module. And has a capacity to up-grated up to six.

Editions Start Tops out Produce bitcoin
Silver edition 64GH/s 384GH/s 0.2 up to 0.85 bitcoin per day
Gold edition 128GH/s 768GH/s Same as above
Platinum edition 256GH/s 1.536 TH/s Same as above

 

Gold and platinum editions support up to six expansion cases. Whereas, silver does not support this sort of cases. These miners are available for pre-order and each extension contains 16 modules.

The price of this fast-hash one is $2499- $5999.

Bitcoin mining hardware

CoinTerra and TerraMiner IV

CoinTerra and TerraMiner IV is bitcoin mining machine. Which is drove by CoinTerra’s own in-house ASIC chips, Goldstrike I. In addition, TerraMiner with 4U power supply is built on 28nm process.

Specifications

This miner contains 4 ASIC chips with the hash rate of 500 GH/s. Accordingly, CoinTerra IV has the total hash rate of 2TH/s. Furthermore, a price of $ 5999, CoinTerra translate to just over 1.1 bitcoin per day.

 

 

Bitcoin mining hardware

Hashfast Sierra

Hashfast sierra is an efficient performance mining machine. It is basically built into 4U mountable case with two seansonic power supplies. Sierra has the hash rate of 1.2 TH/s means 0.66 bitcoin per day. This miner does not have an on-boarder controller. So, you have to connect through a USB. This main control is everything that will run CGminer, a mining software. Hashfast sierra with a cost of $6300 is available.

Bitcoin mining hardware

Black arrow Prospero X-3

Black arrow X-3 is presented by 20 black arrow minion ASIC chips. The ASIC built on 28 nm processor and are in-house design. The 20 Minion ASIC chips in the Prospero X-3 give it a hash rate of 2TH/s, good for about 1.1 Bitcoins per day as of the time of writing. The Prospero X-3 has been designed with up to 20% under- and overclocks in mind. It also supports the lightweight Stratum mining protocol.

The Prospero X-3 is available for pre-order and is scheduled to be available at the end of February 2014.

The price of this mining hardware is $6999.

 

 

Bitcoin mining hardware

KnCMiner Neptune

Bitcoin mining hardware

This miner is quite possibly the granddaddy of all Bitcoin mining machines. Whereas, it is basically four modular 20nm ASIC boards, designed so that the machine will continue mining even if one (or more) of the boards fails. Accordingly, it follows up from their previous miner, the Jupiter, which was built on a 28nm process.

The Neptune has a minimum hashing speed of 3TH/s, which translates to about 1.66 Bitcoins a day. This is a vast improvement on the Jupiter, which was only able to mine 0.6 Bitcoins a day. KnCMiner also mentions that they have the right to increase the speeds as it nears shipment, so the Neptune might end up being even faster once it gets into miners’ hands.

The KnCMiner Neptune is currently available for pre-order and is scheduled to begin shipping in Q1/Q2 of 2014, limited to 1200 units.

The price of this mining machine is $12,995.

Good luck!

 

 

 

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Is 2018 ‘The Year Of Crashes’ For Bitcoin?

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2017 was a year for bitcoin like no other. The advanced cash not just recorded remarkable gains, it single-handedly introduced new asset class that is turning into the primary alternative to fiat in the modern era.

bitcoin-crash-2018

For all the euphoria of the previous year, the way ahead won’t be simple, strategists warn. With bitcoin costs achieving unfathomable levels, the dread of missing out is too strong to resist.

That was one of the key messages Wall Street expert and originator of DataTrek Nick Colas passed on a week ago when he contended that bitcoin would see wild fluctuations throughout the next year. In his estimation, bitcoin can possibly trade between $6,500 and $22,000 through the span of 2018. During the process, investors can expect a few “crashes” of around 40%.

“Main concern: Bitcoin can rally to $22,000 and still be sensibly priced, or plunge to $6,500 and still be accurately esteemed,” he told CNBC. “We expect to see bitcoin exchange at the two costs in 2018.”

Major Themes For 2018:

A few noteworthy subjects will impact bitcoin’s value direction this year, biggest among them being the regulatory scene representing cryptographic money. South Korea – seemingly a standout amongst the ideal locales for exchanging digital money – is actualizing new regulations aimed at curtailing speculation. The technique incorporates banning individuals from opening new crypto accounts and from trading secretly. Top policymakers in the country have additionally said they are not opposed to closing down crypto trades should the new regulations fail to deflect speculation.

Advancing regulations and vulnerability about the future have set extensive strain on the crypto market. In September, China issued a sweeping prohibition on crypto trades and ICOs, setting off a massive correction. Different countries are still feeling their way through the asset class, with the likes Kazakhstan and Russia calling for state-upheld digital forms of money.

In addition to control, the verbal confrontation over blockchain adaptability will keep on influencing financial investor sentiment. Contradiction over bitcoin’s current convention has prompted numerous coin splits, including the now popular bitcoin cash fork. A couple months later, bitcoin gold would likewise develop following disagreements over the mining procedure.

To sum it up, debates over bitcoin’s future are normally ideological as much as they are esteem based. The general view on Wall Street is that the advanced asset class, all in all, is essentially exaggerated, with many contending that bitcoin has no natural esteem and in this manner can’t be assessed. However others, similar to Tyler and Cameron Winklevoss and John McAfee, trust bitcoin can still grow many factors above its present level.

Story credit: ccn.com

Image: Google images

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Shopping with Bitcoins 101

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Bitcoin’s volatility is said to be a nightmare for most merchants because the slightest rise or drop in price is critical.

While in the past, finding bitcoin-accepting merchants was similar to “looking for a pin in a haystack” there are now various options for people to choose from. Bitcoin payment processors like BitPay and Coinbase have assisted merchants by taking on the volatility risk in accepting bitcoins. Merchants can incorporate with a bitcoin payment processor and accept payments through these third-party services. The processor receives the bitcoins and sends the merchant their local currency at the end of the day or week. It is up to the merchants if they’d want a certain amount of they pay to be in bitcoins.

Shopping with Bitcoins

This post will show how and what you can buy using bitcoins, along with a list of stores that cover almost all categories and provide those goods and services.

Keep on reading to know what would be your next purchase!

Shopping with Bitcoin

General:

  • Overstock:

Back in 2014, Overstock was the first billion-dollar company to accept Bitcoin. It’s got everything from furniture to clothing, jewelry, and electronics. Overstock can provide bitcoiners with almost all sorts of items.    

  • Gyft:

Gyft is an electronic gift card retailer that started accepting bitcoins in 2013. Bitcoiners can buy gift cards for Amazon, Best Buy, Delta, Home Depot, Whole Foods, and Walmart. Also, Gyft returns 3% back on Bitcoin purchases, making it competitive with credit card reward programs.

  • Rakuten:

This multibillion-dollar company based in Japan added Bitcoin as a payment method for its US costumers in May 2015. Basically, it’s similar to Overstock, providing almost all of the everyday products.

Travel:

  • Cheap Air:

CheapAir is an online travel agency that helps find costumers reasonably priced flights and hotels. They began accepting bitcoins in November 2013 and by July 2014, had processed over $1.5 million worth of Bitcoin transactions.

  • Virgin Galactic:

Virgin Galactic is a space travel company that accepted its first bitcoin payment in 2013. Richard Benson, the company’s CEO, believes that Bitcoin exchange and space will go a long way in the future if they remain to work together.

  • Expedia:

Expedia is one of the world’s largest online travel companies which started accepting bitcoins for hotel bookings back in 2014.

Computers and Electronics:

  • NewEgg:

NewEgg is one of the world’s most popular computer hardware and software store. It accepted its first Bitcoin payment in 2014 and has offered discounts to costumers paying with bitcoins.

  • TigerDirect:

TigerDirect became everyone’s destination to buy computer hardware, printers and TV sets, when it began accepting bitcoins as payment in July 2013.

  • Dell:

Dell began accepting bitcoins, 2 years after the above-mentioned companies.

Decentralized Market Places:

Where to shop with Bitcoin?

  • OpenBazaar:

OpenBazaar is an open source project to create a decentralized network for peer to peer commerce online—using Bitcoin—that has no fees and no restrictions. Instead of buyers and sellers going through a centralized service, OpenBazaar connects them directly. There is no one in the middle, you only reveal personal information that you choose.

Food & Groceries:

  • Fold:

Fold, teaming up with its sister company Card for Coin, helps to pass on discounts from unused gift cards to bitcoin users, since many are willing to sell gift cards for cash. Card for Coin purchases gift cards at a discount and then spends them for users through Fold. Bitcoin is sent to the wallet address displayed in Fold and within seconds a scannable gift card is ready for use. Right now Fold offers a 20% discount at Starbucks and 3% discount at Target with its AirBitz integration.

 Hire Freelancers:

  • Fiverr:

Fiverr is an online marketplace that is used to buy and sell services. Freelancers offer jobs for as little as $5 and contractors are able to pay for services with bitcoins.

Luxury Items:

  • Bitpremier:

Yachts, mansions, premium domain names, sports cars, and antiques are just a few of the expensive items listed on this bitcoin marketplace.

With the increase of Bitcoin price, the hype makes more businesses view Bitcoin as legitimate and something that can help improve profits. More and more e-commerce sites are trying to become a part of the Bitcoin Community and it won’t be long when you’ll be able to purchase all your groceries and other items from any of these sites, without having to go outside.

Enjoy your shopping spree!

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Bitcoin voting machine

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Bitcoin voting machine

Each system of payments or transaction needs security. As, we have so many issues like accounts hacking, snatching, robberies etc. Unfortunately, no one has the ability to control it. Everyone needs the transparent and proper way of transactions. And, security expert’s recent study shows that voting machines are also vulnerable to hacking.

Consequently, don’t worry about the weaknesses. A company trying to replace recent proprietary machines with new secure and open-source voting machine. Whereas, the technology behind the voting machine will be blockchain.

The blockchain is a distributed ledger. Instead of the company have the central database, everyone has a charge to set up a new code on the network and have the copy of it. For example. a bank with the database of withdrawals and deposits. And, as a customer, you have to believe that bank has tracked your cash correctly. In addition, now imagine that a number of customers do the same job with your funds to maintain honesty of ledger. This is what bitcoin currency works with complete security of funds.

Now, this technology has the ability to maintain a voting system. Advocate-tested blockchain based election by Liberal Alliance in Denmark and in European pirate party. Now, blockchain technology is going to introduce a secure and an actual voting machine. Who keep the record of the votes by using blockchain technology.

How it works

Now, the question is how this technology will do. Voters will register themselves as they do before. On the day of elections, people have to come and fill out a ballot with three QR codes at its bottom. Codes are;

  • a unique cryptographic number which is basically a blockchain address.
  • ballet ID
  • last one for the election ID

The ‘vote unit’ will be sent to the candidates on the scanning of the votes. candidates will receive a unique address, is also called a wallet. which is how the machine knowing where to send votes.

Where you can see the candidate’s address. Accordingly, you can have the complete check that how many votes each candidate has, using the blockchain explorer that pull up the information about each ledger.

A team of blockchain technologies shows a machine look like fax machine connected to screen. While the machine disconnects from the internet to keep nasty factors from operating the votes before it connects to the internet they coming in and burn the ballots to the DVD.

Here, the point arises is, how to configure the blockchain. There are more possibilities to use the same blockchain bitcoin. Whereas, blockchain technologies crop. Introduce new VoteUnit, who works in the same way. In addition, with one change that is no transaction fees for each transfer.

Security o the machines

Senior computer scientist Jeremy Epstein explains,” Blockchainoter will never be able to know”. Young admitted it but his team uses several safeguards.

In addition, young says, “The open source code combined with the paper, DVD, and blockchain audit trails may not completely eliminate fraud in the voting process, but it will be a step in the right direction. Especially compared to the 10-15-year-old, buggy electronic voting machines we use today”.

Reliability  

Steve Borelli software developer pointed that current voting machines manufacture by banking and security company Diebold has a large number of issues. Without any external inspection. Borelli explains Anyone who knows Python can look at every nook and cranny of the code.”

The broken parts of the machine can easily replace because parts are easily available. Whereas, when machines have been discontinued some parts are difficult to replace. Developers add the term Paper trail to the machines. Hacking may go hidden if there will not be the paper trail for voters. In addition, because of paper trail voters can be up to date with elections process and its difficulties. If DVD’s data and blockchains will not match then the paper ballots can be used for verification.

Borelli explains, “if you enter a vote into an electronic touch screen first, and then it spits out a result, then it’s vulnerable to manipulation before it reaches the physical paper form.’’

Blockchain technologies crop. believes that this machine would provide secure and transparent way of voting. Borelli says we are going to embarrass Diebold.

Good luck!

 

 

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Altcoin – Top 5 Altcoin Zoo with Animal Mascots

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Did you ever think about that how many currencies in the crypto market are using animals as their mascots??? Well, I don’t think so.

Today’s article is about top five altcoins with animals – by the way, all mammalian as mascots. Few coins are still active, whereas others are either past or resting at the pet mausoleum.

DogeCoin:

Dogs are the well-known devoted animal to humans. Nearly everyone has dogs as a pet. So, we will start with Dogecoin. In addition, this coin’s mascots are a specific dog – it is a doge, a Japanese Shiba Inu named Kabosu based actual meme dog.

Doge – a dog, not only a coin – became common in 2013. But, now no need to describe it more. Nonetheless, if you were living under last four years: the meme is a Shiba Inu picture with captions. These captions are decisively grammatically inappropriate. And, are assumed to reproduce the dog’s thoughts. Isn’t scary and such insecure, for example.

At the end of this year, Dogecoin was launched as Joke currency. This idea was belonging to the Billy Markus from Portland Oregon. Joke currency or not? but Dogecoin is still alive with the market cap of $344million.

TrueFlip:

A dolphin wearing glasses and a top hat. We know dolphins are intelligent and vastly social animal around the world. They have friendly nature and also trained to save lives of some people.

Basically, TrueFlip is a worldwide famous platform where you are allowed to buy tickets and win prizes in digital currencies.

Bitcoin blocks random hashes are openly used to draw some numbers for lottery and code used to run the game. This firm’s aim is to become world’s popular blockchain lottery. If this occurs, its jackpot would be high as $8 million worth of Bitcoin or maybe more.

altcoin exchange

NyanCoin:

We have another meme coin and this is Nyancoin, created on Nyan cat meme, an archenemy of dogs.

Nyan cat was turned to crypto-market early in 2014. Moreover, this word was derived from the Japanese word for cat’s meow. After a long relaxed, Nyan comeback this April with the market cap $394,000.

PandaCoin:

So, we are moving toward China now. Where we find big fluffy Pandas, who became the mascot. PandaCoin was launched on 14 February 2014, and now its market cap is around $1.5 million.

NeuCoin:

Fine, NeuCoin is a newbie to the world of altcoin exchanges. A blue squirrel NeuCoin’s mascot was belly up in late 2016. Just like a quick and small animal, the squirrel needs strong effort for effective ICO, who has a direct focus on tipping and micropayments. NeuCoin combined two games on one platform Facebook: Solitaire Racer and SongQuest.

So, Who’s next?

After the research, we can say that altcoin with animal mascots are on the way of fame. It is depending on the acceptance of the coin among the community.

 

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