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As the popularity of ICOs (Initial Coin Offerings) is mounting along market’s instability and other cryptocurrencies fraud around the world, a debate has emerged about the appropriate regulatory policies for cryptocurrencies and ICOs. The most frequently asked questions include the proper division of authority amid the SEC (Securities and Exchange Commission) and CFTC (Commodity Futures Trading Commission), whether authority of these commissions should reach the core of the cryptocurrency ecosystem, as others are expecting that a whole new regulatory rule is required for cryptocurrency and token fundraisers. This blog illustrates the congressional testimony on cryptocurrencies, which aims to reflect the existing regulatory approach that is being used by the regulators to observe and manage ICOs and cryptocurrencies, and how more regulatory clarity can be achieved in such markets.

ICO whitepaper

US Securities laws disclosure system is the prime one, where promoters can easily share information related to their company and management, openly. With SEC, this information is filed later. By dissimilarity, most of the ICO disclosures are enabled via “whitepapers” which are unregulated at this time, focusing mainly on the current technology and on such technologies that are under-development.

Investors and buyers of ICO tokens that are looking for a good return or technology users that are looking forward to contribute and support in an advanced product would have to expect certain disclosures for making a purchase in a conversant way. Some of the disclosures that have been identified by the entrepreneurs themselves are specifically relevant to ICOs transition.

Location of Promotors

According to a study, in 32% of ICOs, it is literally impossible to identify the promoter’s origin. From an investor’s point of view, this is a serious information asymmetry. It won’t be possible to identify what legal protections and rules are. without this information. Moreover, there are few ways through which investor can interact with related public authorities especially in case of fraud, like; loss or theft. So, ICO whitepaper should set out a comprehensive report of where the issuer and its key management are placed.

Issues

If we talk about the history of US Securities law, there was no such information important for investors than the financial statements of the issuer. Investors could easily evaluate the past performance of the company by scrutinizing income statements, cash flow and balance sheets, and by doing so, they could make well-versed guesses about the future performance of the company as well as its profitability.  A whole ecosystem of third-party auditors, credit rating agencies, and accountants, were settled due to the criticality of financial statements in securities offerings, to make sure the accuracy of financial statements.

ICOs serves for a different purpose as compared to most of the traditional IPOs (Initial Public Offerings). Rather than funding trading companies, ICOs involve products industrialized by startups identifying technology-based issues and offering the sale of solutions based on technology.

It’s not the past performance of the company or financial statements for most of the offerings, but it’s the venture’s technology plan. Therefore, guaranteeing that investors/retail buyers comprehend the crucial contours of the fundamental technology solution is ultimate as ICOs turn out to be a more and more popular way of fundraising.

Moreover, further technical chunks of the ICO whitepaper would be a perfect subject to a system of third-party authentication, especially for larger fundraises. Also, when describing the solution, hyperbole should be avoided by the promoters which are an endemic problem in whitepapers. Plus, investors should be required to identify an objective base for all the upcoming statements as well.

Blockchain

Investors should be well-versed about how the secondary infrastructure works, and how it is going to affect the governance of the token. Also, the consensus method for a virtual currency’s Blockchain should also be revealed as well, along with a summary of how the governance decisions, plus other decisions affect the network, such as; software upgrades, which will be synchronized amid the several investors such as designers, miners, and users.

Token’s Description

This is obvious that tokens can have a number of different economic and qualitative features, like; currency, utility, or securities. The disclosures would have to elucidate what it means to a typical holder, if the tokens are created in a technological format, complying with firm guidelines, like; ERC20 standard.

Likewise, if some efforts will be made for listing a token, for example, to list a securities token on an ATS (alternative trading system), or if there are trading limitations on the security, then such facts have to be disclosed in a way that is clear to the owner of the token. The description of token should specify the envisioned use of the coins that are issued in the offering, their quantity, plus whether the advisors will keep the reserve coins, and if they do, then how they’d liquidate them. Promoters should be required to reveal their intellectual ownership of the company’s protocol.

Technical Team Qualification

Common disclosure requirement in registered offerings is the information about the business experience of executive officers as the investors are given a sense of the quality of management and are probably the success of the company once it goes public. In ICOs, companies have restricted histories and the problem may be exceptional, if same information about the offering’s technical team could be evaluated. At the same time, coders have diverging backgrounds, as some are more qualified and experienced than others. Also, to provide investors with an intellect as to the proficiency and reliability of the white paper, many founders should provide all info linked to key engineering experience, skills, qualifications and other relevant features. Plus, it should also be mandatory for developers to provide links to their previous work.

Risks

ICOs should involve disclosures regarding the most substantial risk aspects affecting token holders in the offering document. Even though many investors will probably understand that even successful ventures can be later disintermediated by more effectual nonentities. A token holder may get astonished to discover that the product doesn’t function as it’s intended or might develop a purpose all-in-all contingent on the progress of the technology, possibly even less in all likelihood, the requirements of the contributors in the ecosystem. Shareholders should comprehend as well that the greater sectoral risks, including variations in the trade that could demote some designs of blockchain into further parts of the sector, making many tokens worthless. Buyers had to be completely aware of their latent susceptibility to hacking, disruption, and data-loss, also authorized subjects like privacy concerns and information transportability across borders.

No doubt, there are other imperative disclosures as well that should be operationalized in means that are way too much effective.

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Connecticut Resident Pleaded Guilty to Bitcoin Phishing Scheme

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35-year-old Michael Richo of Wallingford, Connecticut, finally confessed to stealing $365,000 in Bitcoin in Hartford Federal Court on Tuesday. According to a release from the US Department of Justice, through a phishing scheme, he posted malicious links programmed to appear as a replica of very popular dark market websites.

Richo accepted that he stole more than 10,000 usernames and passwords and used this data to supervise the bitcoin balance and accounts of victims. He then sold his victims’ assets on Bitcoin exchange platforms for US dollars.

He was previously arrested last October on charges of wire fraud, identity theft, and computer fraud. Eventually, he gave in and was pleaded guilty and is scheduled to be sentenced in September.

The charges are meant to carry a maximum sentence of 30 years of imprisonment.

 News credit: coindesk.com

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Is Cryptocurrency Still Great for GPU Makers?

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On Thursday, an American technology company, Nvidia has announced its financial results which were remarkable. The company has revenues of $3.2 billion from January to April. But what’s the reason behind this profit?

gpu makers

Well, the value of ether and other cryptos recently soared up and created lots of demand for graphics cards – to mine them. Due to the upsurge in the demand, the price of few high-end graphics got doubled between the mid of 2017 to February 2018. It’s a matter of concern for the GPU makers of major graphics-card, as the most important market for them is eventually the gamers, not the miners.

The idea of graphics-card makers collecting hefty profits from the high prices, due to the mining demand doesn’t seem to be liked by the gamers. However, Nvidia accredited that cryptos have played an important role in boosting the financial outlook of the company.

What does Nvidia’s CFO have to say about it?

CFO of Nvidia, Colette Kress said:

Cryptocurrency demand was again stronger than expected, but we were able to fulfil most of it with crypto-specific GPUs, which are included in our OEM business at $289 million.”

The $298 million figure is around 10% of the revenue of Nvidia and it seems like it lessens the cryptocurrency influence on the bottom line of Nvidia. If a customer buys a graphics card at retail, Nvidia won’t be able to know if it’s being used for mining, gaming or something else. The same story goes for the main graphics-card of a rival, AMD, which released first-quarter results a few weeks ago. According to AMD, the sales related to cryptocurrency accounted for almost 10% of total revenue, which could be again understating its influence on the profits of AMD.

GPUs Value

It has been observed that the value of cryptocurrencies has been falling for the past few months. Also, the value of GPUs has also gotten a lot cheaper than it was before. AMD didn’t provide any specific projection for revenues related to blockchain in the second quarter, however, the spokesman of the company suggested that the rest of the year 2018, is going to be significantly below the first quarter sales.

If the price of cryptocurrencies still keeps dropping, it will end up in the form of awful results for the GPU makers. But if the price of cryptocurrencies falls really low, it’s clear that we won’t only see miners halting to buy new GPUs but, we would also see them selling the graphic-cards that they already had on the secondary market. The resulting graphics card surplus could exhort the value of graphics-card below MSRP — MSRP would be good news for gamers though it might be bad news for the companies that are trying to sell new GPUs.

The president of AMD, Lisa Su said that she wasn’t really anxious about the scenario.

“There are multiple currencies being used — People who are mining do go from one currency to another depending on what’s happening.”

She also added that customers can buy graphics-cards for both purposes; gaming and mining. They will be able to hold onto the graphics-card for the gaming purposes — in the case of mining becoming unprofitable. On the other hand, this analysis seems to be debatable. There’s no doubt that there are profusions of cryptos, but at the same time, there are some of them which are economically significant.

Ethereum’s ether is the most important and significant GPU-mineable so far, and the prices of cryptocurrency are strongly linked to it. So, if the value of ether drops, there’s a possibility that the value of other cryptocurrencies might also fall with it. There are many people who want to buy graphics-card for various applications, and there are a lot of those as well that have many of them (graphics-card). These individuals might hold onto one or two cards for the gaming purpose, however, if the price of cryptocurrencies falls quite low, lots of those cards will end up in the used GPU market. This will also make it hard for both AMD and Nvidia in selling their new cards.

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What is Ethereum mining?

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What is Ethereum Mining?

Mining is a process which involves some computational intensive work which requires a lot of processing time and power. Basically, mining is the act of joining a given peer distributed digital currency network in consensus. Then miners get rewards for providing solutions to challenging mathematical problems. The process of mining is to put the hardware of computer system to use with mining applications.

All related info on digital currency transactions surely embedded in data blocks. Each data block attached internally to many other blocks. This produces the “Blockchain”. All these blocks had better be analyzed as fast as possible to make sure a smooth proceeding of transactions on the platform. The miners come in when the issuers of such digital currencies do not have the capabilities to handle the processing.

Who is a Miner and What is The Purpose of Ethereum Mining?

A miner is an investor which devotes time, computer hardware and space, and also energy to sorting through blocks. At the time when the mining process hit the required harsh, miners will submit the solutions of the mathematical problems to the issuers. After the verification, the issuers of the currency give rewards which are some portions of transactions they helped in verifying. They also give the digital currency in exchange for the miner’s work.  Digital mining must take place to upsurge the circulation of digital currency.

What Are The Basics of Ethereum Mining:

The same thing used for Ethereum. The best way to practice Ethereum is to get it through mining. However, mining Ethereum means much more than increasing the capacity of Ether in circulation. Since, it is also important for securing Ethereum network as it produces, confirms, publishes, and propagate the blocks in the Blockchain.

The process of Ethereum mining is to mine Ether. Mining Ethers uses a lot of electricity. If miners perform mining activities professionally, the more income they can generate through the sale of Ether. There are also Ethereum calculators available which calculate profits.

You can use any personal computer systems to mine Ethereum, required a graphics card(GPU) with a Ram at least of 2 Gb. Central Processing Unit (CPU)mining is just an exercise in frustration. It takes a longer period of time to complete, and the profits are just thanks to the cost. When it comes to mine Ether the GPUs are the best bet as they are standing 200 times faster than CPUs.

 

Tags: bitcoin vs other cryptocurrencies

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What Are Some Easiest Ways to Earn Bitcoin

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Easiest Ways to Earn Bitcoin

Bitcoin is the most popular form of digital currency. The use of bitcoin is increasing each day, and it’s becoming progressively hard to earn them. If you are one of the people who are keen on starting a venture in the world of Bitcoin, and looking for ways to generate your own coins, here are some killer tips that will help you learn how to earn Bitcoin – the most valuable cryptocurrency out there.

The Killer Ways to Earn Bitcoin – Accept It as A Form of Payment:

One of the easiest ways to earn bitcoins. If you own a large corporation, run a small business, are a shopkeeper or just provide your services online, start accepting bitcoins in payments.

To accept bitcoins payment, you will need to follow a few steps. The steps include:

Get a Wallet:

To switch to bitcoin payments, you will need a bitcoin wallet. It’s a virtual wallet which is used to store Bitcoin.

Display “Bitcoin is Accepted Here” Logo:

Once you have the wallet, display the logo that says “Bitcoin is accepted here”. This will help your clients realize that you accept Bitcoin payments.

Check out our guide on how to accept Bitcoin payments here.

Earn by Completing Specific Tasks on Websites:

There are several websites that offer bitcoins for completing certain tasks. Some even offer bitcoins just for visiting their home page. The concept is similar to the good old free TV. You watch numerous ads, and in between these ads, you get to see something that grabs your intention, like a funny clip or a song.

Earn Through Mining:

One of the easiest ways to get bitcoins. In Bitcoin mining, the miners from all across the world connect with each other through mining computers and the internet to form groups. These groups are then given certain problems to solve. Those who successfully solve these problems are rewarded with bitcoins.

To do the mining, you will need a powerful computer, fast internet and electricity to keep the computer running 24/7.

Earn Bitcoins Through Tips:

Accepting bitcoin through tips is similar to accepting bitcoin as payment. You will need a wallet, QR code with bitcoin wallet address on it and people who can potentially give tips in bitcoins.

Here are some ways through which you can get in touch with people who deal in bitcoins:

  • If you have a shop, simply display the QR code and keep an eye on what’s coming in.
  • If you don’t own a shop, no worries. You can also accept tips through blog posts. Simply put your QR code somewhere where the users can easily see it and then decide how they want to tip you.
  • Another cool way for getting online tips is Bitfortip. The service directs you to people who are willing to give away bitcoin tips

Conclusion:

These are some easiest ways to earn bitcoins. Putting it in a nutshell, you can earn Bitcoin by accepting it in the form of payment, writing online blogs, visiting different websites and completing specific tasks, and via tips.

Good luck with your venture.

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