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As the popularity of ICOs (Initial Coin Offerings) is mounting along market’s instability and other cryptocurrencies fraud around the world, a debate has emerged about the appropriate regulatory policies for cryptocurrencies and ICOs. The most frequently asked questions include the proper division of authority amid the SEC (Securities and Exchange Commission) and CFTC (Commodity Futures Trading Commission), whether authority of these commissions should reach the core of the cryptocurrency ecosystem, as others are expecting that a whole new regulatory rule is required for cryptocurrency and token fundraisers. This blog illustrates the congressional testimony on cryptocurrencies, which aims to reflect the existing regulatory approach that is being used by the regulators to observe and manage ICOs and cryptocurrencies, and how more regulatory clarity can be achieved in such markets.

US Securities laws disclosure system is the prime one, where promoters can easily share information related to their company and management, openly. With SEC, this information is filed later. By dissimilarity, most of the ICO disclosures are enabled via “whitepapers” which are unregulated at this time, focusing mainly on the current technology and on such technologies that are under-development.

Investors and buyers of ICO tokens that are looking for a good return or technology users that are looking forward to contribute and support in an advanced product would have to expect certain disclosures for making a purchase in a conversant way. Some of the disclosures that have been identified by the entrepreneurs themselves are specifically relevant to ICOs transition.

Location of Promotors

According to a study, in 32% of ICOs, it is literally impossible to identify the promoter’s origin. From an investor’s point of view, this is a serious information asymmetry. It won’t be possible to identify what legal protections and rules are. without this information. Moreover, there are few ways through which investor can interact with related public authorities especially in case of fraud, like; loss or theft. So, ICO whitepaper should set out a comprehensive report of where the issuer and its key management are placed.

Issues

If we talk about the history of US Securities law, there was no such information important for investors than the financial statements of the issuer. Investors could easily evaluate the past performance of the company by scrutinizing income statements, cash flow and balance sheets, and by doing so, they could make well-versed guesses about the future performance of the company as well as its profitability.  A whole ecosystem of third-party auditors, credit rating agencies, and accountants, were settled due to the criticality of financial statements in securities offerings, to make sure the accuracy of financial statements.

ICOs serves for a different purpose as compared to most of the traditional IPOs (Initial Public Offerings). Rather than funding trading companies, ICOs involve products industrialized by startups identifying technology-based issues and offering the sale of solutions based on technology.

It’s not the past performance of the company or financial statements for most of the offerings, but it’s the venture’s technology plan. Therefore, guaranteeing that investors/retail buyers comprehend the crucial contours of the fundamental technology solution is ultimate as ICOs turn out to be a more and more popular way of fundraising.

Moreover, further technical chunks of the ICO whitepaper would be a perfect subject to a system of third-party authentication, especially for larger fundraises. Also, when describing the solution, hyperbole should be avoided by the promoters which are an endemic problem in whitepapers. Plus, investors should be required to identify an objective base for all the upcoming statements as well.

Blockchain

Investors should be well-versed about how the secondary infrastructure works, and how it is going to affect the governance of the token. Also, the consensus method for a virtual currency’s Blockchain should also be revealed as well, along with a summary of how the governance decisions, plus other decisions affect the network, such as; software upgrades, which will be synchronized amid the several investors such as designers, miners, and users.

 

 

Token’s Description

This is obvious that tokens can have a number of different economic and qualitative features, like; currency, utility, or securities. The disclosures would have to elucidate what it means to a typical holder, if the tokens are created in a technological format, complying with firm guidelines, like; ERC20 standard.

Likewise, if some efforts will be made for listing a token, for example, to list a securities token on an ATS (alternative trading system), or if there are trading limitations on the security, then such facts have to be disclosed in a way that is clear to the owner of the token. The description of token should specify the envisioned use of the coins that are issued in the offering, their quantity, plus whether the advisors will keep the reserve coins, and if they do, then how they’d liquidate them. Promoters should be required to reveal their intellectual ownership of the company’s protocol.

Technical Team Qualification

Common disclosure requirement in registered offerings is the information about the business experience of executive officers as the investors are given a sense of the quality of management and are probably the success of the company once it goes public. In ICOs, companies have restricted histories and the problem may be exceptional, if same information about the offering’s technical team could be evaluated. At the same time, coders have diverging backgrounds, as some are more qualified and experienced than others. Also, to provide investors with an intellect as to the proficiency and reliability of the white paper, many founders should provide all info linked to key engineering experience, skills, qualifications and other relevant features. Plus, it should also be mandatory for developers to provide links to their previous work.

Risks

ICOs should involve disclosures regarding the most substantial risk aspects affecting token holders in the offering document. Even though many investors will probably understand that even successful ventures can be later disintermediated by more effectual nonentities. A token holder may get astonished to discover that the product doesn’t function as it’s intended or might develop a purpose all-in-all contingent on the progress of the technology, possibly even less in all likelihood, the requirements of the contributors in the ecosystem. Shareholders should comprehend as well that the greater sectoral risks, including variations in the trade that could demote some designs of blockchain into further parts of the sector, making many tokens worthless. Buyers had to be completely aware of their latent susceptibility to hacking, disruption, and data-loss, also authorized subjects like privacy concerns and information transportability across borders.

No doubt, there are other imperative disclosures as well that should be operationalized in means that are way too much effective.

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Not sure How to buy Cryptocurrencies?

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Recently, there were reports of banks restricting credit card acquisitions of cryptocurrencies, however, there are still many options available which can be used for buying cryptocurrencies. There’s always a risk in investment and trading move, so, always do your own little research when making a decision.

Coinbase is a well-known interface where you can easily buy crypto with fiat money. Users only have to create an account and verify their identity on Coinbase, then they can easily buy whatever they want with their debit card.

Another sister company of Coinbase is GDAX, which gives users an idea of how these cryptocurrency exchanges are actually working. It describes an instinctive interface with trade history, charting tools and real-time order books. All of these tools ensure traders that they’re getting the most out of their trade.

Another popular exchange is Bitfinex. Its website claims that it’s the most progressive cryptocurrency trading platform in the world and has many advanced charting tools. Its website has an app, which is available for both iPhone and Android users. It offers three features:

  • Exchange trading
  • Margin trading
  • Margin funding

You can easily find places to buy cryptocurrency with fiat money, however, Robinhood is unique in its zero-fee approach. Their main goal is to provide an easier platform for people to buy cryptocurrency. This trading app lets users buy cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin and Ethereum right from their phone without any trading fee.

Can you buy all cryptocurrencies with fiat money?

At this time, cryptocurrencies that have fiat/crypto-pairs are:

  • Bitcoin
  • Bitcoin Cash
  • Ethereum
  • Litecoin
  • Ripple

Coinbase offers following cryptocurrencies which users can buy with fiat debit cards:

  • Bitcoin
  • Ethereum
  • Litecoin
  • Bitcoin Cash

Users will have to send their BCH, BTC, ETH, or LTC to an exchange to get involved with other altcoins.

 

How to buy Bitcoin without involving exchanges?

Nowadays, Bitcoin ATMs are becoming very popular. There are almost 2,393 Bitcoin ATM machines worldwide, and with these machines, users can buy Bitcoin by using fiat currency and can even sell Bitcoin to withdraw fiat money. These devices help traders by not having them to deal with the trading part of crypto and are very much convenient.

Recently, Cointelegraph has partnered up with Simplex and now it offers a convenient way of buying Bitcoin, Ethereum, and Bitcoin Cash. Simplex accepts most credit cards and some debit/prepaid cards as well.

 

How to buy crypto with Cash?

It’s quite simple to buy Bitcoin with cash. If you know anyone who wants to sell BTC, there are decentralized, p2p sites where you can meet people who are interested in buying Bitcoin. LocalBitcoins is currently working worldwide as an advertising community board and helping its users to agree on a price and so that later, they can meet in person to trade. The exchange process is time-consuming and it’s not much reliable, as it involves strangers. But it’s still very popular and its users have great reviews about it.


Decentralized Exchanges

DEX isn’t very popular but it’s a trust-less AI system that connects traders online. The money goes from the user’s wallet to an escrow in a centralized exchange, and then to the other user in the trade. Funds that are kept in centralized exchanges are stored in wallets, which are owned by the company. User funds are stored in hardware wallets in a DEX, on each user’s computer. This smart contract helps in keeping trust between the users, who are trading the money. Altcoin.io is also working really hard to make a simple interface to exchange crypto quickly and the team became famous back in October after it successfully completed the first-ever BTC-ETH atomic swap.

It’s quite easy to buy cryptocurrencies now, and we’ll probably see some massive improvements this year, for both centralized and decentralized exchanges. The main focus of centralized exchanges will be; usability, scaling and adding new tokens, while decentralized exchanges will focus on getting their product out, involving the present crypto community.

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10 physical Bitcoins

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Digital currencies assert itself on the world’s platform. Somehow, few companies introduce some physical bitcoins. And, these physical coins have been used around for years. To appeal the consumer’s company, introduce the coins in attractive designs, precious metals with low price.

Physical coins have the limited market. In additions, coins are as conversation pieces with limited stock. Some of them don’t have the physical appearance but considered as physical because of its specifications.

Meanwhile, a limited market of the physical bitcoin is being a problem. However, supply is less than the demand, so be aware of scams while you are buying coin online.Here are some physical bitcoins.

Casascius

Mike Caldwell, a couple of years ago Caldwell start minting his coin “Casascius” a couple of years ago. Unfortunately, his product was banned due to some security issues. Whereas, sales of Casascius resume again this year with 3 listing coins with gold plated bar. Whereas, a bag of 500 Casascius costs 0.39 BTC. In addition, Caldwell sells the silver, gold plated products, aluminum promo coins.

Alitin Mint  

These coins were designed by the John B Andelin in tribute to pioneer Adam Smith and French patron saint John of Arc. Basically, Alitin mint is 2 premium coins and the third one is in process of designing.

Pure silver coins with the weight of two ounces. Whereas, each series contain the 600 coins. Adam smith’s coin shipping is with 2BTC and it priced at 2.92 BTC. While Joan of Arc coin’s cost is 1.45 BTC comes with one bitcoin.

 

 

 

Titan Bitcoin

A beautiful coin with limited stock designed in the USA. Titan Bitcoin is a type of unique coin ID and purely rooted with a  security hologram. Meanwhile, a web page reports the current value of the coin. In addition, you are able to transfer the coin’s amount anywhere in the world with the permission of its one-time redemption code.

Titan’s one gold price is $2279 , while it carries 1 troy ounce of 24-Karat gold and bitcoin. However, the one bitcoin, the titan silver costs $729 with .999 pure silver, too much expensive.

Accordingly, a company has three more coins in a triple digital territory with less price from 0.5 to 1 BTC.

 

           

Cryptmint coins

A two in one metal,  which is a wallet as well as a physical coin. Cryptmint coin pushed, inspected by the hand to make sure the flawless finish.

This .999 silver is 39 mm in diameter and one troy ounce. Whereas, the price of this silver coin is $99. While company sells copper coin at $42 also. There is an option to choose a coin with different QR design on its back. In addition, these coins are the ship without any bitcoin preloaded.

 

 

Antana coin

With 300 unique coins per batch, Antana bitcoin’s difficulty increases within 10 days of a new batch. Antana offers the coins with less price and has mint with the well sense of humor. Each batch of Antana follows a particular theme with statistic data network for a time period.

Whereas, batches of the Antana coins has different names like Goodbye Mt Gox batch, transaction malleability batch, bump and dump batch, race and ROI batch etc.

Meanwhile, these coins are sold at 0.02 to 0.04 BTC. And, full set of 20 Antana coin’s cost is 0.41 BTC. Although, they are infrequent bitcoin motif product, which means they are not physical coins with QR core and hologram.

 

Ravenbit Satoshi coin

These Satoshi coins are composed of 85% copper with 39mm diameter and 3mm thick. Whereas, the front of these coins is consisting on the outline of a person filled with the binary code that converts to Satoshi Nakamoto. In addition, the kit of Satoshi coin with two security holograms, few goodies, and pouch, cost at $25.

 

 

 

CoinedBits

like Antana coins, CoinedBits are not physical coins but relatively novelty new items. One ounce weighted coins are 38mm in diameter and 3mm thick. In addition, CoinedBits are the purely gold plating of 18-Karat. Whereas, these coins cost at $14.99 in northern America. And, for overseas its cost is $19. 99.

 

Lealana coins

A number of unfunded coins with prices from 0.042 to 0.325BTC. whereas a set of Lealana coin is cost at 0.891 BTC.

Coin that never materialized

Most of the physical bitcoin projects are on delay or defunct. Although, they are not asserting themselves and gets out from the race. In the same way, a Chinese bitcoiner introduce a coin of 24-Karat with one ounce. Unfortunately, the current status of the coin is unclear. The coin is,

 

DIY coins

There is a number of 3d printed designs and they are available at Google search, mostly on 3d marketplaces. Whereas, the issue is, some of the designs are costly. Meanwhile, by making a proper coin you can do a few plastic or semi-professional attached filament printers.

In any case, 3d printing is an alternative process to creating physical coins. Apart from the actual cost, a 3d model cost is € 8.50. whereas services are the different opportunity, but in few belongings cost of printing is less than the price of shipping.

 

 

Goodluck!

 

Tags: buy physical bitcoin, physical bitcoin for sale

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A Beginner’s Guide About Primecoin

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What is Primecoin?

Primecoin is a form of cryptocurrency which is issued through a decentralized mining market. Primecoin is derived from Bitcoin and uses prime numbers as a proof of work. Moreover, Primecoin is the first ever cryptocurrency whose design comprises of the scientific computing as its work.

What Are The Advantages Of Primecoin?

The major advantages of Primecoin are:

  • Provides more security and minting to the network
  • Primecoin generates special chains of prime numbers which mathematical researchers often tend to use
  • Primecoin’s design can sustain a high level of security
  • Payment transactions are 10x faster than Bitcoin network

Primecoin Symbol – What Does It Represent?

Primecoin symbol is basically a Greek letter psi (Ψ). The shape of this letter symbolizes the Reimann zeta function and is chosen as a tribute to Reimann. The horizontal bar we see in the symbol not only represents the currency symbol convention but also represents one of the precious jewels in the history of math – Reimann hypothesis.

How Does Primecoin Work?

Primecoin works by searching for prime number chains. The chains’ names are Cunningham chains and bi-twin chains. As of now, the distribution of these prime chains is not very well understood as even for its simplest case, the nature of their infinite existence is not proven.

The circulation of primes has been a standout amongst the most vital revelations in math, and the investigation of prime chains follows its lineage to the work of Riemann and prime number hypothesis, with connections to the more profound nature of the seemingly arbitrary pattern of prime distribution.

Riemann’s investigation uncovered the connection between Riemann zeta function and prime distribution, though later on Riemann zeta function has proved to be of higher relevance in other branches of science such as physics, consequently the investigation of prime distribution is a vital piece of the establishment of present day sciences.

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How To Set Up A Bitcoin Miner – A Guide For Beginners

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Bitcoin mining is done through a hardware called bitcoin miner. The hardware can be divided into three main categories, each more expensive and powerful than other.

Here, we have explained each category and described how to set up a Bitcoin miner.

While setting up a bitcoin miner, the first thing you will need to do is to choose the hardware, and there are two main things to particularly think about: hash rate and energy consumption.

Hash Rate:

Hash rate is the number of calculations per second performed by the miner to crack the mathematical problems in Bitcoin mining setup.

They are measured in Megahashes (MH/sec), Gigahashes(GH/sec), and Terahashes (TH/sec) per second.

The higher your hash rate, the easier it is to solve a transaction block.

Energy Consumption:

Mining equipment is unfathomably powerful and chews up a gigantic amount of electricity, which, ultimately results in higher costs.

While searching for the equipment, make sure its energy consumption is in watts. You need to ensure that you don’t wind up spending the majority of your cash on electricity bills to mine coins that won’t be worth what you paid.

In case you need to work out how many hashes you are getting for each watt of electricity, divide the hash tally by the number of watts consumed.

For instance, a device with 500 GH/sec that takes 400 watts of electricity, then you’re getting 1.25 GH/sec per watt.

You can also use several online electricity price calculators to figure out the value in traditional currency.

Types of Mining Hardware:

Bitcoin Mining pc comes in three major categories, GPU/CPU, FPGA, and ASIC.

GPU/CPU:

The least powerful consuming machine to mine Bitcoin is your very own regular PC. Theoretically, you can use a regular PC for mining purpose, but its processing is so slow, there is no point in using it.

To enhance the processing power i.e. hash rate, add a graphics hardware to your PC. The hardware features graphical processing units (GPUs).

GPUs are intended for overwhelming mathematical lifting which is utilized as a part of computing all the complex polygons required in the top of the line computer games.

This ability makes them great at the SHA hashing mathematics which is essential for solving transaction blocks.

FPGA Mining:

FPGA (Field Programmable Gate Array) empowers a mining equipment producer to purchase the chips in volume, and afterward customize them for Bitcoin mining before placing them into their own particular gear.

Due to the fact that they are customized for mining, they offer enhanced performance as compared to CPUs and GPUs.

ASIC Bitcoin Miners:

Application Specific Integrated Circuit (ASIC) is where all the action takes place. ASICs are particularly manufactured perform only one task: mine bitcoins at mind-squashing speeds, with lower power consumption.

Because ASICs are designed specifically for high-speed mining, they are expensive and time-consuming to produce. However, the speeds are unbelievably fast.

The current units can reach the hash rates between 5-500 Gigahashes/sec, and the future units are promised to go even higher.

All Set? Join a Pool:

When you have Bitcoin mining set up, your next stride is to join a mining pool. Bitcoin miners put their assets and share their hashing power in these pools. Once the mining completes, the individuals from a pool get a reward which is then split among all the members, based on the number of hashes shared by an individual.

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