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Enigma, a cryptocurrency investment platform was miserably hacked on August 21st, during their training for a crypto-token sale for their Initial coin (Ethereum, Bitcoin, etc.) offering (ICO). It was meant to be a method of raising capital using digital currencies. that would be launched on 11 September.

Unfortunately, the company’s website, slack accounts and mailing lists were overtaken by hackers. Furthermore, the website was changed and many fake emails and messages were sent to visitors and those interested, influencing them to deposit money.

ethereum exchange

It was reported by TechCrunch that the $500,000 worth of Ethereum currency stolen was not from the company alone, but the large Enigma community with their slack members, mailing list, and Ethereum exchange. That’s a shocker since the Enigma staff had imposed a strict warning that they would never request for money this way yet, a large amount of the digital currency was stolen.

Highlight The Security Errors:

When it comes to thinking how such an attack could be carried out, reports prove that there were some weak points like two-factor authentication missing from the affected channels. There must’ve been a leakage of at least one of the account passwords, which would lead to this.

The company has broadcasted temporary closing of its Slack channel.

 

Story Credits: siliconrepublic

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Cryptocurrency Project Controlled by China’s Government: Have a closer look!

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legal digital currency

 

China is among those countries that have exerted more control over cryptocurrency and continues to go forward in its exertions to present a government-controlled cryptocurrency. Recently, a group of Shanghai reporters learned about a secretive cryptocurrency projects during the Global Blockchain Summit Forum.

Last week, the ministry of industry and information technology of China revealed that a study searching for a framework in order to regulate blockchain technology locally has been already conducted by it. The embracive perspective for blockchain technology is exactly opposite to the Chinese crippling curbs against the local cryptocurrency markets that have called on ICOs (Initial Coin Offerings) ban and cryptocurrency exchanges phased out to effectually broad up the local trading markets.

Progress

According to a report, 22 blockchain technology invention patents have been applied by the China Boxer Blockchain Technology Research Institute. The primary technology architecture by the team has been finished and according to Yifeng, the digital billing business of central bank has been also completed. At this time, it is encouraging the opening and closing of a blockchain registration platform.

According to Yifeng, the most crucial part of the blockchain is to advance the technology with the real business while searching for application scenarios. The members of the platform cannot only use it, but they’ll be also able to conduct the institutional certification and attain shared trust and assistance amid all parties.

Yifeng said that the major difference between the current electronic payment and digital currency is that it can be both “account-based” and “non-account-based.” Digital currency appears to ease the expediency, speed and low-cost of a trade payment system, although simultaneously, delivering protection and security of the privacy of the user.

The Real Digital Currency

According to Yifeng, the statutory digital currency that is issued by the central bank is the only real digital currency. For him, the digital currency that bitcoin represents is, in fact, a digital asset with firm qualities, less intrinsic value and more volatility.

Yifeng said that the coins issued by ICO are more preposterous. He added, how can an autonomous credit currency turn out to be a payment and liquidity instrument. He furthermore added, there’s no clear schedule for the launch of the legal digital currency.

The Blockchain Technology Research Institute will be establishing obliging associations with numerous research institutes and universities to encourage research in extents like distributed technologies, cryptography algorithms and zero-knowledge proofs.

Based on blockchain technology, the Digital Billing Platform which was taken on back in 2016 by the China Boxer Blockchain Technology Research Institute was effectively established on the Stock Exchange. According to the chairman of China Bills Credit Card Industry Development Co., Ltd., Fan Guiluo, blockchain is a trusted technology and it will be used under the reliable system of the China’s banknote printing and issuing company.

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Bitcoin taxes- another terrifying story

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Currency comes with three faces mainly.

  • A unit of account
  • Store of wealth
  • Means of exchange

Cryptocurrencies around seem to serve the second part only. So, talking about the taxation of these currencies means taxing changes in realized wealth, that is your income tax.

cryptocurrency user

As with more growing acceptability and increasing comfortableness with risks among the regulators, the crypto world is coming out stronger. But IRS has its eye on the crypto investment.

In 2014, IRS issued a legal statement stating that virtual currency will be treated as the capital asset if convertible into cash. Same rules of capital assets loss and gain apply to these digital currencies. Despite these implications, there are very fewer guidelines provided by the authority.

The gaining acceptance of these blockchain-based currencies has attracted many with tales of massive fortunes. Being decentralized and unregulated, these currencies show a great deal of volatility. The currency needs to hold its volatility in order to replace the fiat currency in long terms.

Basics

Running on the system of Blockchains which are decentralized and constantly updated. Despite the extremely complex mechanism, these blockchains are easily verified and are highly encrypted. Due to these features, blockchain has backed many cryptocurrencies including Bitcoin.

A few popular cryptocurrencies include,

  • Bitcoin
  • Ethereum
  • Ripple
  • Litecoin
  • Monero
  • Dogecoin
  • Dash
  • Tether

All the crypto coins other than Bitcoin are known as altcoins. Perks of being the pioneer, right?

Due to lesser global uniformity and lack of consistency coming with the nature of digital currency, there is a lot of challenges and understanding surrounding the tax regulations of this system. Some basic tax trends to be kept in mind are,

Different rules, different countries

The same basis as traditional businesses rules applies here. As there are different rules for different countries around the world, similarly different tax rules apply to digital currencies taxation around the globe.

If you wish to purchase services or goods using your digital currency, the cryptocurrency used will be written an asset or property. the gain over the currency will be accounted as income subject to tax- for the purchaser. The total value of the transaction is recognized as transaction tax. The seller is bound to collect and remit this value.

Countries like the U.S impose their own set of rules and regulations over tax rates and other categories of goods and services.

From small entrepreneur business planning to global, it can be a great amount of confusion and mayhem for them. In a number of countries, these tax systems are in multiple layers, including taxation for think city, federal and state altogether.

The task is not only to determine the tax payables, the real task will be to figure out the jurisdictions it falls into.

Taxman digitalized

Being a digital currency, the most undertaking is done by the digital goods here. The regulations are being monitored and are coming in shape by the EU and the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD).

Taxing majorly base on where the consumer rides. The collection will happen via holding platforms. The tax will be collected and remitted on merchant’s behalf or the tax holder on payments sent to offshore clients.

The anonymity of this crypto nature can be of a great challenge here. There will be minimal information available regarding the receiver or the sender of the transaction.

The government is also working on simplifying this issue. They have introduced guidelines under the title, know-your-client (KYC). Records will be requested through these plans and unwilling or any party unable to disclose their credentials may dwindle.

A global default rule regarding crypto-based businesses may be introduced, accumulating same jurisdictions and rules applied to all.

Tax implied

The tax will be implied specifically in these areas.

  • Trading- it produces capital gain or loses, it has to offset gains and reduce tax.
  • Exchange- exchanging one crypto coin with another creates a taxable event. The token is sold so generates loss or profit.
  • Payment received in Crypto- receivables in exchange for goods or services will be treated as ordinary income.
  • Spending cryptocurrency may gain price during the holding period, subject to capital gain.
  • Conversion to fiat currency
  • Air Drops- income becomes the basis of the coin when sold or exchanged there will be a capital gain.
  • Mining coins

•    Initial coin offerings

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