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After a series of ups and downs, bitcoin’s price went to its top. However, it plunged to less than half of that value later. The unexpected changes are now compared to the dot-com bubble and are highlighting the speculative nature of investing in cryptocurrency.

The price of bitcoin fell below $10,000 for the first, on December 1. At one point, it fell below $9,300 on one exchange. The price later rose back to almost $12,000, however, the investors and economists are still not sure how long the price will stay there. It is also said that the recent skim was due to the fear of crackdowns in the cryptocurrency markets.

bitcoin price volatility

South Korea has suggested a ban on the trading of cryptocurrency, although no plans are settled yet. Also, same news has been reported about China.

Bitcoin is a decentralized digital currency, as it is the largest and well-popular digital currency, that is globally bought and sold in exchanges.

According to Timothy Lee (senior reporter at Ars Technica), it is not based on dollars. The value of bitcoin floats against other cryptocurrencies, in the same way the euro and dollar glide against each other. Users say that bitcoin has got a very effective system for authenticating transactions, as it is based on a revolutionary technology.

Bitcoin users also point out that the currency is not tied to government’s whims and according to them, it’s a good thing. Recently the price dropped, and that may not be a good thing for those investors who are trying to figure out what crash actually means for the cryptocurrency’s future.

bitcoin price volatility

Recently many cryptocurrencies have shown the same swipes. According to David Kotok (Cumberland Advisors chairman and chief investment officer), almost 20 years ago, the technology and the new internet stocks accomplished valuation of $7 trillion, just because of speculation. The prices of shares used to be very high and after they collapsed, investors got badly miffed. And apparently, the same thing is going to happen with these cryptocurrencies.

Same rise and fall in the price of bitcoin was seen by the investors in December.  After China announced that it was banning all the banks that were trading cryptocurrencies, bitcoin fell by 40 percent just within days after hitting a record price of almost $1,150.

There’ve been dramatic ups and downs in cryptocurrency’s price last year. Bitcoin had the value around $900 at the beginning of 2017, however, its value got tripled within few months. According to Kotok, cryptocurrencies are highly speculative and investing money in cryptocurrencies is a speculative thing to do.  There’s a chance that you may make a profit, but Kotok has seen many people who invested their money into bitcoin and now they’re having loads of trouble in getting their cash back when they try to sell it.

According to some analysts, the cryptocurrency is trying to find an impermanent price floor, but according to a CNBC report, Citigroup analysts think that the price of bitcoin would plunge again to half of its current value. According to Ars Technica’s Lee, it’s still going to be unpredictable. She thinks it’ll go more up and then it’ll crash again. So, no one knows how far down it’ll decline.

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Buying Bitcoins with PayPal through Paxful and Cryptonit

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Paxful and Cryponit are two of the best platforms to buy Bitcoin with PayPal. The process of buying Bitcoin with Paypal through Paxful and Cryptonit is almost similar to buying from LocalBitcoins. LocalBitcoins is a platform for purchasing/selling bitcoins with the lowest exchange rates and reliable users.

 

Buying Bitcoins with PayPal through Paxful and Cryptonit

 

The sellers have to pay a 1% commission fees to the platform that facilitates this exchange.

Like other P2P platforms, it follows a set of sales rules as well but, if you have a good user reputation, these requirements are lower.

Before you purchase anything, it’s better to make sure that the user has good reviews from other buyers.

The process of buying Paxful bitcoins is simple:

  1. Create an account
  2. Choose your amount and a payment method
  3. Select your seller- You can choose one yourself or let Paxfuldecide the best one for you.

Next, you’ll be sent to an online chat room with the seller to finalize your deal. The seller’s bitcoins are sent to Escrow and soon after you mark that the payment has been made, the bitcoins are released into your account. However, you must seal the deal within the time limit given or it is auto-canceled.

Buy Bitcoins With PayPal Through Cryptonit:

Cryptonit is another platform that enables you to buy Bitcoin with PayPal instantly. Cryptonit is a UK-based company and was founded in 2012. It is a cryptocurrency exchange that allows you to deposit money using PayPal, Visa/MasterCard, Skrill Western Union, MoneyGram, and many other options.

However, it requires a verification process in order to qualify for PayPal deposit to buy bitcoins.

The steps following the process are:

  • A copy of the government issued photo id.
  • An address verification document such as utility bill or rental agreement.
  • A photo of you holding these documents/ skype video call with someone from Cryptonit.

Verification will take around 12 hours on weekdays. After it is completed, just go to the “trade” tab, choose the suitable currency pair, and enter how much you want to buy.

Buying Bitcoins with PayPal through Paxful and Cryptonit

Final Word:

All in all, Cryptonit is a trustworthy option. It offers a safe environment so that you can serve your needs and minimize the risk of theft.

Please take a look at the following infographic for a better understanding.

 

 

 

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LitePay Launch: Litecoin Price Has Seen 30% Upsurge!

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The price of Litecoin has seen a 30% upsurge on Wednesday after the news that Litepay (a payment processor for cryptocurrency) has been set to launch on 26th February. This rally elevated BTC/LTC to its all-time-highs in almost three years and allowed LTC to surpass the $200 marks.

Litecoin Price Surge:

The price of Litecoin at this very moment is valued at $232 with the market cap of $12.8 billion, that lifts it up to number fifth in the rankings.

Apart from the preceding pumps, the trading volume of LTC is consistently distributed in the major exchanges, all around the world. OKEx is the largest global bitcoin/cryptocurrency exchange, whereas GDAX is on the 2nd number.

Litecoin Price Surge

Tuesday’s rally was a straight response to the announcement that the payment processing company (Litepay) that was formed after the Bitpay industry, is scheduled to be launched on 26th February. This announcement was silently made by the company on Twitter on Monday, however, the word seems to have roamed slowly. They announced that they started is because people asked Bitpay to accept LTC and they wouldn’t, so they had to take the challenge.

According to the company’s website (based on San Francisco), LitePay will be offering many of the features similar to BitPay. Especially, it will be providing businesses with the proficiency to accept LTC payments that are settled up in fiat currency. Moreover, it is also going to release Litecoin debit cards, through which its users can fund with LTC and can use it at almost any retailer.

Since Litecoin price surge, Litcoin has been promoting itself as a “payment-focused cryptocurrency”, the formation of LitePay’s infrastructure will significantly aid its efficacy for this use case. But, then there’s another theory, that Litecoin’s strong pivot could be linked to the announcement, that a developer’s group will be diverging the main Litecoin blockchain on 19th February, for creating Litecoin Cash.

Chief executive and co-founder of San Francisco based cryptocurrency exchange, – Jesse Powell, shared some words of wisdom for investors. Although securities regulators are trying to find different ways of protecting investors from the sham activity, Powell put the whole burden on the investors. But at the same time, he also highlighted that combined market cap of all cryptocurrencies would hit $1 trillion in the coming time. He thinks that consumers have to look out for themselves and into the basics of coins, and do not have depend on any specific exchange to protect them from the market’s instability.

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The blockchain immutability myth

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The blockchain immutability myth

Immutability…. We use this word in daily routine to signify a thing, which can never change. Whereas, in the blockchain, this word is referring to the worldwide transactions. Which is adjust by the participants. Here, the basic approach is, once the block blockchain transactions are complete, it cannot replace or reverse by other transactions.

So, the theory goes. Because

Saint Augustine states, “The highest good, than which there is no higher, is the blockchain. And consequently it is immutably good, hence truly eternal and truly immortal.”

Two prominent examples are,

  1. Under certain conditions, through some necessary adjustment transactions, history can change itself. Here, the question is arises, it easy to bring new changes in the content of the blockchain? Is it really easy?
  2. According to cryptocurrency advocates, immutability achieves only in case of decentralization of economic mechanism. Which is not proper fall at the private sector of the blockchain. Because, they totally depend on the collective behavior of a known group of validators, who are not trustworthy.

Above two circumstances are totally wrong. Because in blockchain there is no immutability thing exist. The proper question is,

Under which circumstance the blockchain will or will not change? And,

Do those conditions match with the problem, we are trying to solve?

Instead, the chain’s behavior depends on the network of a computer system. Before we get into the detail of how we ‘ll summarize the basics of blockchain first.

Brief discussion on Blockchain  

A blockchain system is running onto the different set of nodes. Which may be in control of different companies. There is no individual node who control the others. While nodes are connecting with each other through a proper network. These nodes generate and propagate transactions and rapidly spread to other nodes via digital operations in some kind of database.

Every new upcoming transaction is verified by an independent node. Following are some terms of verification;

1.it is totally in obedience of blockchain rule and regulations.

2. it is completely a digital structure

3. If any transaction passes the test of nodes. It will enter to the local list of not confirm transactions means directly in the memory pool. While others will enter in the orphan pool. In addition, pass transactions will be forward to its peers.

With some intervals, a node which contains the set of as-yet unconfirmed transactions on the network generates a new block. Each block contains the hash (32-byt). Therefore, by creating a little block chain, each block includes the timestamp. Accordingly, link to the previous block via its hash.

Validation Process

Blocks move and verified by nodes across the network like transactions. For the acceptance by the nodes, a block must contain proper transactions including no conflict with other ones. Whereas, with the confirmation of the test, it is entering into the local blockchain and transactions are confirm. Any transaction which conflict with others will discard immediately. Whether they are in memory pool or orphan pool.

Participation of the chain, make the strategy to ensure the generation of blocks.   This ensures indicates that any kind of node. whether it is an individual or a group has no ability to take hold of the blockchain’s content.

Authentication and testing

Proof-of-work a public blockchain allow its users to generate block who has the ability to solve the tricky and fiendishly mathematical puzzle. Whereas, to prevent minority control in private blockchains, blocks are signed by authorized members. In order to create a lawful chain, a product needs to legalize validator by using mining diversity.

Two different validator nodes can generate conflicting blocks when both have the same previous points. However, fork happens. While different blocks are seen by nodes and leading them to have the different opinion about the chain’s history. These forks are resolved on the arrival of new blocks on branches by a blockchain software.

Shorter branch’s node spool back its last block and replay these two blocks on the longer one. Unfortunately, if you are unlucky and both branches will extend. Then the conflict will be resolved by the third and so on. In addition, with the increase in fork’s length, the probability of a fork persisting drops increases. After a small number of the blocks, it can be reduced to zero in private blockchain.

Here, the most important thing to remember is, each node is controlled by a particular person. Where blockchain has not authority to ask some changes in transactions. The main purpose of the chain is to help in sync. But, if participants want to change the rule, no one has authority to stop them.

That is why we need to stop asking about the immutability of blockchain. Because the answer is “no”. Arguably, we consider the conditions under which it needs changes.

 

 

The blockchain immutability myth

Public chain’s mutability

Let’s start with the above mention two examples. We will take the start with the claim that authorization process. Which used in blockchain cannot bring true immutability by public chains. e.g.

Ethereum blockchain faces a devastating situation in June 2016. “the DAO”, loophole found by someone. In which, $250 million were invested and start draining its speed. Which distract the both investor and creator’s intentions. After few days, the ethereum software updated to prevent from hackers. It was publicly supported by Vitalik Buterin that ethereum users will control their own computer system. As a result, a large number of users, blockchain comes with the new name and rules is ethereum. Whereas, minority reject this idea and keep going with ethereum classic. There were more choices for names like ethereum compromise or ethereum pure. Whatever, democracy is the democracy, and everyone has their own rights voice. In addition, ethereum is ten times more than ethereum classic.

Now, we will take a common way, in which blockchain’s immutability will be dilute. Recall that mining of bitcoin and ethereum uses proof of work scheme. Where you get a reward for solving a tricky puzzle. In addition, this reward increases the potential of the users and they solve the relating issues more efficiently. Network continually adjust the rate of block creation. In addition, 10 minutes in bitcoin or 15 seconds in

Immutability of blockchain

Bitcoin has faced the factor difficulty of 350,000x from last 5 years. Today, bitcoin mining is on hardware devices with cheap electricity and in cold weather. Antminer S9 mines the block 10,000 faster than a desktop system. Which burns 10 times more electricity than a system with cost $1089.

To undermine the immutability of bitcoin blockchain, you need to install more mining capacity, then the other network creating 51% attack first. Secondly, through proper testing and approval, mine your own secret branches. Finally, at desired time, release your secret branch to the network anonymously. Then, the whole process of a transaction will be without any scams or hacking issue. It is not easy to install a huge program. It needs a lot of money and electricity as well. And a common man or country who has the shortage of both. Unfortunately, are not able to adopt this way for immutability of bitcoin blockchain.

Let’s estimate the cost of a 51% attack which reverses a year of bitcoin transactions. At the current bitcoin price of $1500 and reward of 15 bitcoins (including transaction fees) per 10-minute block. Miners earn around $1.2 billion per year ($1500 × 15 × 6 × 24 × 365). Reasonably, they are not losing money. So, the total expense should be in the same range.

Rewriteable private chains

Now, let’s have a ride to private blockchains. Which was established for the needs of government and well-reputed organizations. According to the organization’s perspective, immutability is the commercial, legal and regulatory non-starter. Because it allows attacking the network anonymously. whereas, immutability can also be ashore in good behavior of other institutions. With whom, they have authority to sue or sign a contract. It is a bonus because private blockchains are less costly to run. Since blocks need just a node’s approval and digital signature. When a number of validators follow the rules. As a result, you get cheaper and stronger immutability than other digital currencies offer. Furthermore, the percentage of immutability may decrease when participants in chain decide to do so together.

Immutability is nuanced

People who don’t like the traditional banking system and government’s currency are perfect to use proof of work blockchain. Whose immutability rely on economic terms instead of participants. It may be an expensive operation. when parties agree to live with government or wealthy actors and bringing down the network. Accordingly, they believe that cryptocurrency technology and its value continue to grow and it will get more secure.

Finally, for most permission blockchain use cases. We probably don’t want validator nodes to be able to easily and cheaply substitute old blocks in the chain. As Dave Birch says “the way to correct a wrong debit is with a correct credit”. Rather than pretending that the debit never took place. Nonetheless, for those cases where we do need the extra flexibility, chameleon hashes help make blockchains a practical choice.

Good luck!

 

 

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What Are the Advantages and Disadvantages of Bitcoins?

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Advantages and Disadvantages of Bitcoins

Bitcoin has taken the market by storm and the number of people looking to make transactions through this currency is increasing each day. If you are one of those fascinated by this mysterious yet amazing currency and want to discover its advantages and disadvantages, you have come to the perfect place. This article will provide you with all the information about advantages and disadvantages of bitcoins.

So, let’s get started with knowing what are the pros and cons that come with this currency.

Advantages of Bitcoin:

The list of basic benefits of Bitcoin includes:

  • With bitcoins, there are no boundaries on transactions. The users can send the currency anywhere in the world at any given time without any hassle.
  • Bitcoin transactions don’t need rescheduling in the event of bank holidays.
  • The users are in complete control of their money as there is no central authority to regulate the Bitcoin flow.
  • Since the users are in complete control of the currency, it allows them to control the transactions as well which helps in keeping the Bitcoin network safe.
  • There is no way for merchants to charge extra fees without it coming into the notice of users. In case a merchant wants to charge extra fees, he must inform the consumer about those charges.
  • Bitcoin payments can be finalized without a user having to give away his information. This gives Bitcoin users complete anonymity.
  • The fact that Bitcoin users are not supposed to reveal their identity is extremely handy as it provides protection against identity theft.
  • Bitcoins can be encrypted and backed up to ensure the safety of your money.
  • All Bitcoin transactions are recorded in a public ledger called Blockchain which enables everyone to see those transactions. This makes the transaction process more predictable and transparent.
  • Personal information of users is always hidden and no one can access it unless a user decides to publicize it.
  • Bitcoin is cryptographically secure and can never be influenced by a government, bank or a third person.
  • Bitcoin payments involve very low fees, that too within Bitcoin system.
  • How much fee is charged on a transaction depends on the urgency level of a user. The faster he wants it to process, the more priority it gets. As a result, the fees become higher.
  • In countries like China where moving cash to other countries is prohibited, Bitcoin is a great way to transfer money to different parts of the world.

These are some major advantages of Bitcoin. Now let’s move to the next part of the article, which discusses the disadvantages of Bitcoin.

What Are The Disadvantages Of Bitcoin?

The list of basic disadvantages of Bitcoin includes:

  • Bitcoins are finite, which makes them extremely volatile.
  • A very small portion of the business is willing to accept Bitcoin as a method of payment.
  • It needs strong networking to spread the word on bitcoin.
  • Bitcoin is relatively new and most of its features are incomplete.
  • There is still a long way to go before Bitcoin gets to its full potential.

Conclusion:

These are some advantages and disadvantages of Bitcoin. The cryptocurrency has many unique advantages that traditional currencies lack; however, it also has disadvantages. Mainly due to the fact that Bitcoin is relatively new and will take the time to reach to its full potential.

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Future of finance

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Future of finance

On 14 august 2016, Swiss non-profit World Economic Forum conducts a study about bitcoin, the worldwide reputed currency. Of course, they accept bitcoins worth and assure that bitcoin is going to reshape the financial service including infrastructure.

Changing of infrastructure

With the supply of 21 million, bitcoin continually change the payment/ transaction system all over the world. Whereas, it already crosses the price of Gold and competes for Ethereum on daily biases.

Just imagine for a while that a country takes a risk of its financial sector by applying a new digital technology, it’s weird. In other words, it’s totally insane. In the same way, if people of any country get authority to change the weather, they can. That is why bitcoin asserts itself and largest countries of the world do investments through bitcoin. Countries including Sweden, Denmark, the United States of America, South Korea The Netherlands, Estonia, UK, Canada, Australia and much more do the heavy transaction through bitcoin.

It is basically a cryptocurrency and a payment system is using by the peoples of the world. Bitcoin was trending in 2013 between $10 to

$15 and then it exceeds to $1163 within the same year. Which means it grows day by day. A good software takes 10 years to get used to it. Whereas bitcoin was properly launched in 2009. Which means, this is the early age of the bitcoin.

Worldwide central banks are looking toward the bitcoin process of transactions between the countries. The study shows that up to 2040, currency may change its structure. And bitcoin is at the top of the list. Which allows doing transactions faster and more secure with low cost.

Financial sector

Bitcoin technology is going to directly affect the financial sector. No doubt, when you are adopting a new technology. You become, use of that technology. In the same way, bitcoin deals with the people in the transaction with low cost. They get more relax as compare to other cryptocurrencies. More than 80% banks are going to launch the new system regarding bitcoin.

If you know how to generate money, then you can easily maintain a good bitcoin account. It is an open transaction system, everybody can see the payment process.

As Bill Gates states about the future of finance,

in the future, financial services ltd will eventually “be digital, universal and almost free.” Bill Gates will push the Microsoft to use bitcoin in payment form or weave cryptocurrency in company’s nascent payments.

This thing is crystal clear that if people of any country get authorized, they can easily change the situation. They will use new technology, even use digital technology on their own behalf.

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Future of bitcoin finance

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