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How Does Bitcoin Work

Bitcoin Introduction:

Bitcoin is a type of cryptocurrency that is free from the influence of traditional banking. The currency first came into circulation in 2009 and was invented by an individual/group called Satoshi Nakamoto. The identity of the creators is still unknown.

Bitcoin exchange rates are independent. They are autonomous of the central bank and no government/private authority governs the supply of this type of currency.

The only factor that determines Bitcoin’s worth is the trust level of users. The more companies accept Bitcoin as a payment, the higher its value goes. How Bitcoin works?

What Are the Benefits of Bitcoin?

Wondering what are the advantages of Bitcoin? The list is quite long. But let’s take a look at some of the major benefits that this currency has to offer.

No Taxes:

As the bitcoin is free of any third-party influence, there is no system to implement taxes on this money. The only form of tax that may come with bitcoins is if someone purposely sends a small percentage of payment as cash. 

Free of Third Party Seizures:

Again, as there are no third-party involvements and no unnecessary copies of transactions are made, the chances of Bitcoin being seized are zero. This implies that the government can’t freeze the Bitcoin accounts and the users can do whatever they want with their money.

The Transactions Are Tracking Free:

The Bitcoin transactions are tracking free. Unless a user publicizes his wallet address, there is no way a transaction can be traced backed to him/her.

In case a user mistakenly made his wallet address public, a new wallet address can easily be generated. The benefit of keeping your wallet address a secret is that no one can ever know how much money you have in your account.

This means more privacy as compared to the traditional currency systems. You can read details about the theory behind a Bitcoin transaction.

All the Transactions Are Free of Cost:

There are no costs involved in Bitcoin transactions. Users can send/receive money in whichever part of the world they want. The only cost that may come with Bitcoin transactions is the vendor fees that they charge in return for the services they provide.

What Are the Risks of Bitcoins?

Using Bitcoins is not always safe. There are some risks associated with Bitcoin. The risks may include:

Bitcoins Are Easy to Lose:

There is not any system to recover lost bitcoins. If lost, they are gone for good. You have to be very careful to prevent your bitcoin account from hackers otherwise your account may compromised.

 They are hard to trade:

Bitcoins are hard to trade as compared to transferring the normal currency. Although there are vendors that trade bitcoins, it’s not as easy as sending money via PayPal, Western Union or some other money transfer service.

 Too New In The Market:

Bitcoins appeared on the radar just a few years ago, so it’s hard to predict what their future would be.

 Lastly – They Can’t Be Used to Buy Stuff For Now:

Bitcoins are still not the complete replacement of real money and are only accepted at very few places as a form of payment. So, it’s still pretty hard to buy stuff using this currency.

How does Bitcoin works?

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3 thoughts on “Introduction to Bitcoin – How Does Bitcoin Work?

  1. To read this article I learn how to use bitcoin or create a wallet. I actually want to know about bitcoin wallet but not successful but to fetch this blog I am able to have some knowledge about bitcoin wallet. thanks a lot! But I have one question. What is mining equipment?

  2. Mining equipment is basically the hardware that is used for mining. Such as ASIC miners, Avalon etc.

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Nasdaq going to invest in blockchain startups

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Nasdaq going to invest in blockchain startups


Blockchain has business potential 

When you are going to generate the money, it’s really hard to beat blockchain. Blockchain startup has its own trends in exchange markets.  Similarly, it has its own business potential. In the same way, large companies all over the world are interesting to invest in blockchain investment by using its potential. First and foremost, the example is Samsung partnering with blockchain to provide blockchain capability to Samsung card.

At the same time, well-reputed companies are taking the interest in blockchain technology. Nasdaq is the world’s second-largest stock exchange company similarly is going to invest in the bitcoin blockchain stock. While it has been the earliest and well-known supporter of new technology in the stock market.

Proxy voting

Financial institutions have to use the proxy voting test. therefore, this growing experiment mostly uses at first emerge. Nasdaq recently completes its test by using blockchain technology. consequently, it will runs it to different exchange sector, whether to approve this technology.

Blockchain ‘time start now

The blockchain is a technology, in which distribution and imputation of transactions are controlled by the internet without any approval of the central authority. As a result, its creates the golden record of data, market infrastructure.in addition, bank hoped that security settlement would be change to corporate actions.

This is the separate issue to implement this technology to its own market or not. Nasdaq is evaluating, whether this system is to be sell to clients including central security depositors. The excitement of investments in blockchain remains high. A technology needs several years of an industry to reap the benefits.

Nasdaq venture

On 19th April 2017 Nasdaq introduce the Nasdaq venture. Which clearly means that company is going to invest in the companies working with blockchain. The announcement does clear one thing, the venture will look after the investment opportunities and will focus on next generation data analysis, machine learning, machine intelligence, cloud and data analysis.

Nasdaq does its first investment in $10M, and it will focus on both late-stage and seed seed-stage placement

The range of investment will be from $1M to $ 10M.  Moreover, each investment will directly support to Nasdaq’s core business strategies and mission. In addition, Nasdaq venture makes it sure that they will focus on data and analytics, machine and artificial intelligence, emerging and frontier marketplaces, digital transfer/payment/transaction processing type of finch companies.

On the other hand, Nasdaq always an active supporter of financial technology innovations, especially in the case of blockchain technology. Therefore, it has a great reputation in the financial sector.  In conclusion, Nasdaq will facilitate the US even so, the other countries by using this system.

As Friedman said, “With the launch of our new venture investment program. We are reinforcing our focus on driving growth. Innovation by evaluating, distributing, licensing and integrating disruptive technologies for the long-term benefit of our global clients.”

 

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China Decides To Protect Yuan With Its Own Centralized Crypto

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The People’s Bank of China (PBoC) sketched out an agenda for 2018. According to this agenda the future of crypto in china has come under discussion again. China had to take this step to protect the national currency of China which is no doubt Yuan. Furthermore, according to a statement dated March 29 on the PBoC website, China will continue to apply strict measures against all kinds of virtual currencies to protect Yuan.

Background of Cryptocurrencies in China

We would have to go a couple of years back  to properly understand the situation cryptocurrencies are facing right now in China. According to the initial coin offering news few years back, Bitcoin had gained great popularity among the Chinese Citizens, prices were also going up steadily.

Concerned with the progress of Bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies,in December 2013 the People’s Bank of China along with some other ministries of China, published an official notice regarding Bitcoin. Originally this notice was meant to reduce or control the financial risk of Bitcoin. Several points were highlighted in that notice pertaining to the risks involved in the sale and purchase of cryptocurrencies.

initial coin offering news

Salient Features of Notice Against Cryptocurrencies

According to the above mentioned notice the People’s Bank of China strictly ordered that:

  • All companies offering Crypto-related services especially Bitcoins, must be registered with the relative government ministries.
  • Organizations dealing specially in Bitcoin-related services should implement necessary measures to prevent money laundering and other illegal activities.
  • Any kind of criminal activity such as fraud, money laundering and gambling etc should be reported instantly to the authorities.
  • Companies behind the deals of Bitcoin and all such services should educate the public about Bitcoin and the technology behind it. This measure will save the majority of laymen from frauds, and fake companies would not be able to mislead the public with misinformation.
  • Bitcoin can only be bought or sold in its original form and not to be exchanged with traditional currency at any cost.
  • Rather than money, cryptocurrency can be best defined as something that serves as a medium of exchange or a store of value.

China’s Latest Approach Against Cryptocurrency

The deputy governor of the People’s Bank of China Fan Yifei outlined objectives in protecting the yuan at the 2018 national video conference.  It was a serious effort dedicated to the major challenges faced by the Chinese monetary system in terms of Yuan.

In his statement Fan supported the development of a government based digital currency in order to protect the yuan against unofficial virtual currencies. However, as was done in the past, no specific policies against crypto currencies were offered this time.

 

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SEC Uncovers A Case Of Fraudulent ICO

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No doubt cryptocurrencies have become notoriously volatile as various governments and financial organisations are imposing restrictions regarding the sale and purchase of fraudulent ico. On the other hand it is also a fact that continuous boom in the cryptocurrency market is the main reason behind the birth of some alarming situations regarding its investment and fundraising options. With an increase in the popularity of Initial coin offering and cryptocurrencies, many top social networking websites have recently banned advertisements related to all sorts of activities related to this specific market. Recently Facebook, Google and Twitter are on the top of the list among the sites which have prohibited ads related to cryptocurrencies. Not only that but the US Securities and Exchange Commission has also issued a strict warning according to which celebrities can no more endorse ICOs without proper announcement. Even a country like India has officially announced that Bitcoin is no more than an illegal tender within its borders.

ico fraud

some massive frauds and illegal activities related to the digital tokens have also become a reason for such restrictions. One of such recent fraudulent activities was reported by the US security exchange commission against two co-founders of a supposed financial services start-up for organizing a deceptive initial coin offering.

Who Was Behind That ICO Fraud?

The names of the two founders are Sohrab Sharma and Robert Farkas who are behind that ICO fraud. They were running of a cryptocurrency firm by the name of Centra Tech which was also authenticated by champion boxer Floyd Mayweather. The US Securities and Exchange Commission charged the founders of Centra Tech for organizing a fraudulent initial coin offering. All that information was made public in a press release dated April 2.

 

Sohrab Sharma and Robert Farkas, were arrested and charged for raising 32 million dollars in an unregistered investment with the help of so called “CTR Token”. Farkas was fully prepared to leave the country, but was arrested moments before he could board his flight.

How Was This ICO Fraud Discovered?

According to the statement issued by US Securities and Exchange Commission, Sohrab Sharma and Robert Farkas offered a number of financial products on behalf of their company Centra Tech which also included a debit card backed by Visa and MasterCard. It was being claimed by Centra Tech that with the help of this debit card users could instantly convert cryptocurrencies into US dollars and other legal tokens. In fact it was all based on a fraud as no such agreement existed between Centra Tech and Visa or Mastercard.

 

Centra Tech was also alleged for creating fictional resumes and biographies in order to promote its fraudulent company. The company also hired celebrities like champion boxer Floyd Mayweather to promote their initial coin offering.

 

According to a warning issued by the US Securities and Exchange Commission in November last year, the ICOs which involved celebrities could be illegal.

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Blockstream-Bring Privacy to All Blockchain Assets

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On a blockchain platform, all the participants are free to check the transactions. This transparency level provides the much security to the users. Basically, it is a public verification process, where the cheating percentage is fall to its minimum level or zero. Unfortunately, it is not also good in privacy matters.

To improve the privacy terms, confidential transactions are its potential solution. Whereas, these transactions hide the transacted bitcoin which is using in test environment and academia.

A number of bitcoin core developers discover the confidential assets. These transactions are categorically designed for the bitcoin.  Confidential assets carry a level to any blockchain asset such as ownership paper, stock etc.

Blockstream engineer Gregory Sander says, “With Confidential Assets, we can generate multi-asset transactions where both the amount and the asset type itself are encrypted”.

Confidential asset

Basically, confidential assets are not a new born concept in the technology world. It is increasing in two ways.

The first part of this puzzle is planted on confidential transactions, which was introduced by the current Blockstream CEO Dr. Adam back. Blockstream developers Gregory Maxwell, Dr. PIETER Wuille and mathematician Andrew Poelstra further work on this and expand it to blockchain’s alpha sidechain.

According to these transactions, only receiver and sender will come to know the transacted amount. A public verification process, that is the rest of the world-where the transactions were created between the sender and the receiver. But the transacted amount is masked.

Whereas, in confidential transactions are masked in a programmed way that public verifier will able to perform a certain type of math on them.  If they cancel out the transaction, anyone is capable to add up the committed amount on the sending end. And, add up all amounts on receiving end. In addition, if they don’t cancel, means no amount was created out. In that way, a public verifier will fail to know how much was transacted. They have the idea that system wasn’t cheated.

The second part of the puzzle is quite new, which boost up the masking to assets themselves. Confidential assets include blockchain based assets not only bitcoin.

Sanders says, “While the sender and receiver would know that, say, a gold certificate was transacted, a public verifier would only know that ‘some asset’ was transacted — in ‘some amount”. “And if multiple assets are transacted at once, the public verifier would see that multiple types of ‘some assets’ changed hands, and he can verify that no ‘some assets’ were created out of thin air. But he would still not know what was transacted exactly, or how much of each ‘some asset”.

Projects

Confidential assets advanced in two different projects.

For one, it may be associated with the existing sidechain such as a liquid. This is an organize blockchain fix to the bitcoin. Where the blocks confirm by the service provider. which permits the transactions at little cost without troubling the main blockchain. Exchanges use this to let the customers move the bitcoins among different accounts without confirmation from the blockchain. Confidential assets allow to move the fiat currency as well.

In addition, Blockstream start a teamwork with Japanese IT company Digital Garage.

Sanders explains, “Digital Garage is working on a loyalty points blockchain” and “This means that all types of companies can issue their loyalty points, and customers can use them or trade them atomically for other assets using market makers. Privacy is huge here because you do not want to be showing the whole world how many points are outstanding on your books”.

Furthermore, confidential assets sidechain is a private decentralize exchange. This elementary setup can expand to mediators that act. Sanders says, “For the Digital Garage demo we have implemented a trustless, blinded swap of multiple assets through peers already. If we can deploy fiat currency on the blockchain, we can make similar arrangements between Bitcoin and U.S. dollar, euro or yen”. Blockchain use case complexity matrix

 

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