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According to the new orders of Massachusetts, the state has halted five ICOs (Initial Coin Offerings) as it stated, that the firms behind them were selling unregistered securities.

Crypto ICO News

The officials of government found that they all of these companies defied the General Laws of the state, which describe securities as bonds, investment contracts and stocks, that assures a financial profit, as it’s clearly defined in the orders. This stoppage was a part of a bigger inquiry into token sales that are being conducted by the government of the state.

ICO world

Investigation Against Companies Selling Unregistered Securities

On Tuesday, after investigating each of the company, William Galvin (Massachusetts Secretary of State) has ordered 18moons, through platforms like Sparkco, Mattervest, and Pink Ribbon, to stop their ICO campaigns. Moreover, all of these companies are required to propose, in order to return funds to their investors within the period of 30 days. Additionally, the companies would have extra 45 days to return the funds.

According to the records, a list of all refunded investors who have paid back the company has to be provided by the startups as well. Despite the fact that the orders highlighted, that the campaigns will be permanently halted and won’t be allowed to sell unregistered or non-released securities within the Massachusetts state, still, all startups will have the ability to register its tokens as securities in the future.

On the other hand, companies that are under- investigation, according to the orders, these companies will be suspended until they completely follow the orders. Though, if any company fails to obey any of the terms in the Division’s Order, then a legal action will be taken by the Enforcement Section.

No Response from Companies

The companies haven’t commented or responded to any of the questions so far. The head of SEC, Jay Clayton wanted cryptocurrencies to be regulated just like regular securities, as there was a possibility that at least few of the state officials would settle on it. But still, the doubt exists that there are many bandwagoners in the ICO world who don’t comprehend very much about the financial regulation.

Such moves can solely do so much, especially when there aren’t plenty of guidelines surrounding ICOs, however, they can lead some of the companies to have a second thought before hastening.

The latest step of Massachusetts on the ICO front is represented by its advancement and progress. At the beginning of this year, a suit was filed by the state against an ICO director and his company, claiming that the token sale represents an unregistered security offering.

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Does Bitcoin Need Regulation? Top German Analyst Says It Does

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At a time when bitcoin surpasses $17,900 and its market cap nears the $300 billion mark, regulations are apparently turning into a popular way for governments to cope with its existence. Recently, A German financial specialist Clemens Fuest expressed there are “solid reasons” to control digital currencies like bitcoin while talking to CNBC.

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Fuest, the President of the Ifo Institute for Economic Research, stated that the market shouldn’t be permitted to fly individually, as according to him there’s a case for controllers to investigate bitcoin because of financial security and monitory policy, as well as its use.

Amid a telephone call, the German market analyst brought up that, with the cryptographic money, “payments can be made with almost no supervision” and suggested that this implies the digital currency can be utilized for tax avoidance or illegal activities.

Fuest also added:

“I think there are solid reasons, beyond monetary arrangements, to regulate bitcoin more closely.”

Fuest’s words come at a time in which the stock trade administrator Deutsche Borse is apparently considering whether to make Germany the primary European nation to list Bitcoin Futures Contracts on a regulated platform, and in which regulators are cautioning investors about the potential dangers of putting resources into digital forms of money and ICOs.

A European Central Bank council member Ewald Nowotny recently expressed that national investors and administrators are peering toward digital money regulations. Nowotny’s remarks came when bitcoin was trading at a then untouched high of $8,100 and included that investors must comprehend the item as “it resembles buying shares on stock market… individuals investing in this item can suffer losses and if that happens, they simply need to acknowledge it.”

Fuest isn’t the only analyst that communicated his perspectives on bitcoin. A month ago, Nobel prize-winning financial specialist Joseph Stiglitz stated that bitcoin “should be banned” as, according to him, it “doesn’t serve any socially useful function.” Earlier this month Nobel laureate Robert Shiller anticipated a bitcoin crash, stating that it “won’t go to zero, but will come down.”

However, not everyone is bearish on bitcoin and other cryptographic forms of money. Israel’s Prime Minister, Benjamin Netanyahu, an MIT graduate and former financial expert, recently questioned whether or not bitcoin can crush banks. John McAfee, a cybersecurity pioneer, raised his bitcoin value target for 2020, making it $1 million – and even bet his masculinity on it.

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Monero Security – 3 Main Techniques Behind Monero Anonymity Explained

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Along with being accessible through networks such as Tor and I2P, Monero implements various cryptography techniques to unlock an extensive level of security and privacy:

1. Untraceable Stealth Address

As we all know, reusing the same address for bitcoin transactions is a common privacy issue of Bitcoin. Receiving or sending multiple transactions to the same address can allow anyone who knows your address to track its activity. Thus, bitcoin is not a tool that should be used on the darknet, especially for privacy purposes.

On the other hand, Monero has no such privacy concerns. Monero’s blockchain is secured in such a way that only the sender and receiver are able to identify the destination address. Only a unique cryptographic hash is provided, to each and every transaction that can be decoded by just the send or receiver to disclose the real address. These encrypted addresses are called “stealth addresses.”

Related: Bitcoin’s current price

2. Unique Separated Transaction Units

When you send XMR to any address, it arrives as several separate payment units. Basically, each unit would appear on the Monero blockchain as being transferred to its appointed and distinct stealth address. This process is applied to the sender as well as the miners when any fees are paid to them. This makes tracking of any transactions far more complicated.

3. Undetectable Ring Signature Payments

Ring Signatures is another technique that adds up to the cryptographic system behind Monero’s blockchain.

Just to be clear, similar to Bitcoin, Monero also consists of a public and private key in order to engage in buying or selling of XMR.

For example, if you are to send 18 XMR to a shop, the XMR get sub-divided into 10,5 and 3 XMR streams, these flow into distinct Monero addresses of the ship.  The private key that authorizes any 10, 5 and 3 streams sent across the network, becomes a possible signatory to the transaction. The number of possible signatories is dependent on the “mixing depth” you set. As your transaction splits into units, ring signatures guarantee that transactions can’t be stalked back to any system’s IP address.

In the end, it’s almost impossible to track or identify Monero users

These 3 techniques provide maximum privacy and prevention from roaming trackers. Monero’s code ensures the anonymity of every user and leaves barely any possibility of a linkage to take place.

Related: Read more about Altcoins

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Bitcoin market value

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Cryptocurrency enjoys a notable increase in its price. Especially when it crosses the gold and dollar price. It became the center of attention to the media and another financial sector. Recent price of bitcoin is,

Bitcoin market value

We know that bitcoin market value varies from time to time. Its price is not stable. Which factor is contributing in price fluctuation of the bitcoin? How they create a positive or negative impact on the users. In this article, we will discuss the factors creating the strong impression on a price of the bitcoin.

Government rules & regulation

When government regulates the bitcoin, it declares whether bitcoin is legal or illegal. If it is legal by the government, they will guide people on how to use bitcoin.

There is a large group of people who afraid of government regulations. Whereas, the government controls the circulation of digital currency in the country. They are not able to decrease the amount of money but they have the ability to generate more money. Bitcoin store in wallet addresses. In addition, Which is being the cause of rising in the value of bitcoin.

Now, the scenario is that government declare that only they will mine cryptocurrency. And, only government’s currency will legal in the country. Accordingly, we have the situation od currency same as before cryptocurrency. The government will have the authority to mint all money and shut down the system. Furthermore, they can change the code for more currency mining when. There is a lot of scary things like above discussion. That is why people get afraid of these new regulations.

People who are in favor of bitcoin regulation will buy more bitcoin. Whereas, who are afraid of government regulations might start selling of bitcoins in the response to the news like NYDFS BitLicense. That is a factor of government regulation.

Shopper  

When people use bitcoin as a currency. They show to the world that they admire the credibility of the bitcoins. People do transactions including sale and purchase with bitcoin. The companies like Dell, New Egg and much more allow its customer to purchase their products pay in bitcoin. In addition, Xapo introduces a new credit card to spend with bitcoin market. Even though shoppers don’t have the direct influence on price. Indirectly or directly they help to spread bitcoin around the world. Therefore, shopping factor of the bitcoin has offered a large market with no short-term influence.

Mining

All the transactions of bitcoin are because of the bitcoin mining. The network is secure because the more miners, the network will be more secure. Where no one owns the 51% of the network. A 51% attack is only possible in case of one entity own all mining power on a network. Basically, 51% attack is potential panic selling. Which being the factor of bitcoin price decrease in value. Some miners keep saving their bitcoin while other cash it out.

News  

News is the most effective part of any society. People who read news can also have an ability to act on it. For example, if a person has 51% mining power on the network. And, this news spread from a television channel. In addition, the reaction of the people regarding bitcoin value will entirely change. Few of them get panic and sell their bitcoin and other will try to overcome this difficulty. This factor of news provides articles to the public about the fluctuation of bitcoin prices.

Dumping to fit

For example, a business wants to sell a number of bitcoin to pay business expenses. In addition, they don’t want to own the bitcoin. This discarding will tend the bitcoin to depress state. It all depend on the company’s capacity of selling bitcoin. This factor is basically a depression in the bitcoin value.

Selling on exchange

If a person has 1000+ bitcoin and sells them in exchange, a price of the bitcoin decrease automatically.

Buying on exchange   

The number one thing that influences the value of a Bitcoin is how much someone is willing to pay for one Bitcoin, of course. When you place an order on an exchange in order to buy Bitcoin, you decide what is the value of a Bitcoin to you. The more people who are willing to buy Bitcoins, the greater the chance for an increase in the overall value of a Bitcoin. Sellers sell to the highest bid price first, so whoever is the highest bidder at the moment, is the one who decides the value of a Bitcoin at the moment.

The Bitcoin price factor of someone buying Bitcoins on an exchange is always a rise in the value of bitcoin.

Good luck!

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Coinsquare Launches TV Advertisement Campaign

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Coinsquare is a Canadian crypto exchange which has launched its very first television commercial, as it’s looking forward to extend its customer base before divulging to public by the end of this year.

initial public offering

Coinsquare Advertisment

The exchange, Coinsquare is sometimes called “Canada’s Coinbase” and has launched an ad on Monday that will start running on television later this week. According to the advertisement, Coinsquare is the most secure platform of Canada for trading cryptocurrencies, and also, the advertisement attempts to initiate the reputation of exchange as a reliable and trustworthy option to the scams and other warning tales that fill the space.

Also, the timing of the ad campaign is eminent, since the interest of consumers in cryptocurrencies has declined in the past few months. But, it relates with the ambitious plans of Coinsquare to continue its development, internationally and as an IPO (initial public offering).

At the beginning of this year, the exchange, Coinsquare unveiled that it intends to go public in the month of September by listing on the Toronto Stock Exchange. The company expects that it will raise almost $120 million (C$150 million) and after that, it will use those funds to finance expansion into the United Kingdom and United States.

Cole Diamond, the Chief Executive Office of Coinsquare told bloomberg, back in January that:
“The United States and the UK market are next… We believe that we will be a strong competitor to Coinbase and other exchanges in the US by the end of the year.”

While Coinsquare considers itself as a strong competitor to Coinbase in the future, at this time, it processes quite less trading volume than its correlative south of the border. According to CoinMarketCap, at this time, Coinsquare is ranked as the 95th-largest exchange of the world, with daily volume of almost $1.7 million. Amid exchanges that provide CAD trading pairs, it is ranked on the third position, behind QuadrigaCX and LakeBTC .

Although it isn’t the first cryptocurrency company that’s going public, however, Coinsquare is going to be one of the first to do so via conventional means, which offers an extensive regulatory analysis process. Many have done the same through RTOs (reverse takeovers), where a firm joins a company that is already listed on an exchange and after that, it modernizes its ticker symbol as well as its name.

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Digital currency under regulatory scrutiny- SEC

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Cryptocurrencies

After being spooked by the massive digital tokens crackdown, cryptocurrencies got another pushback by the feds recently. The Securities and Exchange Commission in the U.S has decided to gun down all the cryptocurrencies, especially Ethereum under regulatory scrutiny to whether consider it as security or commodity. After a remarked high range in digital currency world, this bull to bearish reversal is the result of investor anxiety gushes over the squabble between Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) and Commodities Futures Trading Commission (CFTC).

ethereum icos

The second most popular digital currency after Bitcoin in the charts, Ethereum is considered under the category of security will have hard consequences. Not only for Ethereum cryptocurrency, but all digital currencies crowdfunded through ICOs, that is Initial Coin Offerings.

Coming under increased regulatory scrutiny by the U.S government, all these cryptocurrencies are viewed as securities due to their speculative nature all around. Regulators have already declared bitcoin as security. But undermining the liquidity of this second popular cryptocurrency can prove out to be disastrous for it and also the cryptocurrency economy. Though the basic mechanism working behind these two digital currencies is not merely same, but they contribute majorly to the cryptocurrency world.

Initial coin offering

Until the mid-2017, selling transaction of these tokens was not much of an exhausting task. A team would emerge through these blockchains and present their purpose of tokens in a ‘white paper’. They would then arrange an Initial Coin Offering Service, ICOs where they would offer coins to nearly anyone who would exchange them for cash or Bitcoins.

The main idea or theory behind this ICO was to fund and support the construction of that newly emerging online service. But later in a few cases, these ICOs were proved to be scams. Absconding of these organizers created an upthrust, where SEC fired a warning claiming that tokens sold in ICO may be considered as securities and their declaration will be mandatory. SEC values Ethereum similar to any public Company who strives every act to value their stock.

Now the developers are concerned that due to the fact that Ethereum ICOs investors bought the tokens in hope that their value will increase in the near future, it could be classed as security. But the plethora of issues is not that straight and easy here.

Ethereum co-founder denies

The whole dilemma was observed and addressed by the co-founder of Ethereum, Joseph Lubin in a conference. He says that the scrutiny doesn’t upset him. According to him and the developers, this does not meet the requirements of security and doesn’t have to be regulated, therefore. There were no concerns about the potential issues about the cryptocurrency. he further said, he never considered and identified the system as security ever.

The Howey Test

A case resided between the SEC and WJ Howey Co in 1946. In this case, the foundation to determine the event to be a commodity or a security was set. It is now known as the Howey Test.

In simpler terms, Howey Co. sold a part of their citrus farm to some investors. Their idea behind it was to gain profits from the operations performed on the farm. It was considered as a securities contract by the judge explaining that the scheme focuses on the idea to obtain profits from the efforts and labor of others.

Basically, in simpler terms, this test helps to determine if a transaction or profit is obtained solely by the hard work and labor of one party and not by the other party, combined in an agreement. This Howey Test has been greatly talked and argued about in the regard of these cryptocurrencies and ICO. As the basic phenomena in Ethereum ICOs reside the same. The investor expects profits primarily from others hard work and efforts.

Securities classification arguments

According to wall street journals, the future of the cryptocurrencies is under debate, whether it would be identified as security or not. Commodities and securities under which the legislation falls are regulated by different authority bodies. They are regulated and operated in different markets and agencies. These differences will greatly affect the investors, sellers, and buyers in the cryptocurrency market.

Despite all the fuss and controversy about the issue, a lot of experts are very positive and hopeful about the future and growth of Ethereum cryptocurrencies. Many have come up suggesting that Ethereum and such cryptocurrencies may be considered as unregistered securities after a continues refusal by the founders of them being never entertained as security. The growing market capitalization of Ethereum cryptocurrency has shown that this is not going anywhere this soon!

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