Following the uncertainty of the current world and its unstable economy where currencies face great flux every day, a new economy was introduced under the alias Satoshi Nakamoto. Under the worlds infinite disarray, Bitcoin emerged as a decentralized and a digital cash system with regulated by almost no one.
This peer-to-peer networking system runs through electronic signatures and crypto graphics to generate currency- Bitcoins. Bitcoins are not only a form of currency but also a form of investment for some investors who keep these coins in hopes of an increase in their value and enjoy the opportunity cost.
Just like normal everyday cash, this currency doesn’t have to be printed and issued by the federals or the central banks. Bitcoins are generated through a process called ‘mining’. These coins are mined out of the system by giving complex and advanced mathematical problems for your computer to solve. The target is to generate a 64-digit number as an answer to that puzzle. When a system solves the given complex algorithm, it obtains a specific fraction of Bitcoins every time.
The bitcoin network automatically sets the difficulty level of the mine to be mine next. On average, there are around 25 Bitcoins mined every 10 minutes. During the process, only a set number of Bitcoins can be mined during a certain period. After every four years, this reward is halved. Currently, it is up to 12.5 Bitcoins for every mathematical problem solved.
Fiat currencies have an unlimited supply and their value can be easily manipulated anytime by the regulatory bodies. Given its independent nature, Bitcoin has tightly restricted supply controlled by the underlying algorithm of the system. There is a set number of coins that can ever be mined ever. A total number of 21 million bitcoins exist in the system.
Bitcoin at its peak has managed to engage the market by over 2 million dollars. The lowest has been $2. Today the value roughly swifts around $9,000.
No economy supports the sudden fluctuations in the system. Too much too fast will result in the dropping of the value of the currency. Too much too slow will cause the economy to halt. Due to these reasons, Bitcoin has a self-stabilizing system to regulate the economy at the most favorable grounds.
Exchangers allow the holders to transfer and buy or sell these Bitcoin crypto coins among other users. One of the famous platforms is Bitstamp. This allows users to buy Bitcoins in fiat currency and also enables them to sell them to other potential users. Bitstamp enables users to store the coins too as e-wallets. But beware of the hackers, as they can dangerously destabilize these digital economies.
With the gradual growing influence of these cryptocurrencies in the world today, a lot of applications and platforms have shown loyalty to the Bitcoin. Platforms like WikiLeaks and WordPress have started accepting bitcoins as means of their payments and transaction currency.
Inspired by the Bitcoin, the Canadian government has launched a similar cryptocurrency named, MintChip. This electronic currency is backed by the government, unlike the Bitcoin.