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A Hong Kong merchant who correctly predicted bitcoin value’s dramatic year-end rise trusts that its rally is a long way from being done.

Dave Chapman, managing director of digital currency exchanging firm Octagon Strategy, told that numerous investigators laughed at him when he anticipated the bitcoin cost would dramatically increase in the final quarter and reach $10,000 before the finish of the year.

Main Story:

“I was cited back in August when bitcoin was trading at around $4,000 that we would have a five-figure headline before the current year’s over,” he said. “I think many individuals thought I was insane, many individuals laughed at me, but that is OK.”

 

However, regardless of condescending looks, the bitcoin cost has met — and surpassed — Chapman’s expectation. At the time of writing this article, bitcoin was trading at $16,615, a 20 percent rally boosted by the dispatch of CBOE’s bitcoin futures contracts.

The bears credit this development to a speculative frenzy, and Chapman admits that he is somewhat worried about the market’s current “warmth”. However, he denies that bitcoin’s value is purely from speculation.

 

“Bitcoin permits the quick exchange of significant worth from one individual on the planet to some other individual on the planet, and it does that without a middleman. That is its value,” he said. “If you take a look at bitcoin and its impact financial industry, it’s clearly not that crazy to believe that bitcoin could be a greatly enormous disruptor to finance.”

 

Chapman said that the launch of bitcoin subsidiaries is an indication that digital currency is “growing up,” and he included that he would not be shocked if the bitcoin cost comes to $100,000 before the finish of 2018. Nevertheless, he warned that winding up too focused on digital currency costs will make individuals lose sight of the revolutionary aspects of the crypto technology.

 

“The cost to me is presumably the most uninteresting part about bitcoin. I’m more excited about the applications and more amped up for what this means for individuals who lack access to financial inclusion,” Chapman finished up. “If we concentrate on the cost, we’re forgetting about the bigger picture.”

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Cryptocurrency Security – Here’s All About Its Three Layers!

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So, what’s a decentralized system? In simple words, we can say that a decentralized system works with no servers and each member is permissible to execute transactions. But in the case of the blockchain, each member must have to do some system-tasks as well, such as; storing transactional data.

cryptocurrency Security

Fork: Even a group of members can run an alternate-version of reality, which is called “fork.” The fork works by the similar regulations as the original decentralized system – though it might have a diverse state.

Let’s enlighten you about the hierarchical nature of cryptocurrency security!

First Layer – Tokens and Crypto Coins

  • One of the first and foremost thing in the crypto world is your cryptocurrency security.
  • Whenever you choose a cryptocurrency, you take all the perils and risks related to the protocol.
  • If someone can recognize and utilize protocol flaws, they can compromise the whole network, even including you; it won’t be much important which exchange/wallet you are using.

In the first layer, you can find two different types of currencies which include, the coins (Bitcoin, Ethereum, Bitcoin Cash etc.) and all ICO-issued tokens such as; MOBI or EOS.

What is the Difference?

Well, the difference is in the technical features. Each coin is either an independent network protocol or just a copy of some of it. When you research a crypto protocol from a security stance, make sure to find out if it can be centralized.

Let’s take an example!

In the case of Bitcoin, it’s now centralized around four major mining pools which also means that if all of them collaborate, they can possibly compromise the whole network.

Another advice! Whenever you look for proof-of-stake crypto, make sure to have a look at the genesis. This is also quite imperative, as whoever keeps the preliminary and initial stake can vote for transitions, as well as the network will be also trusting those who have higher stakes. If we take an example of NEO, a PoS network of China, which is same as Ethereum, was distributed 50/50 amid its ICO sales and developer community – unlike Ethereum distribution. Also, the NEO token distribution makes sure that no major stakeholder from the exchange platform or the developing side has enough stake to compromise the whole network.

Tokens

  • Now if we talk about tokens, all of them are based on a smart-contract aspect of few of the coins, which means their reliability and security is first based on the parent cryptocurrency – only subsequently on the smart contract’s code that issued it.
  • Mostly, all ICO coins (tokens) are based on Ethereum and just some of them are issued by smart contracts.
  • Also, it is imperative to point out that Ethereum got hacked a few years ago due to the DAO protocol hack – later hard forked and rolled back to the state. This also shows that the founders of Ethereum probably have a time machine as it looks like they have the ability to go back in time – yet again if it’s required.

Second Layer – Exchanges

One thing that everyone must understand about the exchanges is that they are written in custom-code with infrastructure security and has got nothing to do with blockchain. If we talk about an exchange, it is just a standard centralized web service arrayed in a data centre. That’s why whenever we talk about the exchanges, we always mention reliability and trust.

Almost every month we hear news about the data breaches and security events that occur because of exchanges.

Examples

Here are some latest examples!

  1. Back in December 2017, $63 million in cryptocurrency was stolen from NiceHash by hackers.
  2. At the beginning of this year, January 2018, more than $500 million in cryptocurrency was stolen from Coincheck by hackers.
  3. In February 2018, almost $195 million in cryptocurrency was stolen from BitGrail by hackers.

The hype around cryptocurrencies is due to the number of data breaches. Many exchanges have recently started their business – without investing in proper security measures. Simultaneously, if someone steals tokens/crypto coins from an exchange successfully, it’s nearly impossible to do anything about recovering it.

Third Layer – Wallets

Well, the third layer is linked to your personal security in the crypto world and you must’ve heard a lot about it before.

When you select a wallet for cryptocurrencies, you’ll have two options:

  1. Hot Wallet
  2. Cold Wallet

Hot wallet Vs Cold Wallet

  • The hot wallet is just like an account in exchange or in simple words, it is a website-based wallet.
  • In the case of a hot wallet, your tokens/coins are under the control of your wallet provider.

Whereas, a cold wallet can be a hardware, software or just a paper.

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Floyd Mayweather – SEC Charges Legendary Boxer with ICO Fraud

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The U.S. SEC (Securities and Exchange Commission) has filed charges against the Centra Tech ICO (Initial Coin Offering), claiming that the legendary boxer, Floyd Mayweather promoted a token sale, which was allegedly a sham security offering.

According to the SEC complaint, the co-founders of Centra ICO are involved in the ICO fraud and made material misstatements as well as omissions that were intended to trick the investors whereas, the Centra ICO was also an “unregistered securities offering.”

ico fraud

SEC Ceases ICO

According to the Securities and Exchange Commission, Centra only pretended to have relationships with major financial institutions and lied about it. The major financial institutions which sent Centra several cease-and-desist letters are:

  • Visa
  • Bancorp
  • Mastercard

In addition to that, some of the executives showed in Centra’s advertising materials were also fake. The co-director of SEC’s Division of Enforcement, Stephanie Avakian stated:

“We allege that Centra sold investors on the promise of new digital technologies by using a sophisticated marketing campaign to spin a web of lies about their supposed partnerships with legitimate businesses.”

Furthermore, he added:

“As the complaint alleges, these and other claims were simply false.”

The Securities and Exchange Commission originally subpoenaed Centra in the month of February as part of its wide-investigation into ICOs.

Centra ICO Dependence

The Centra ICO is quite well-known because of its use of celebrity endorsements to advertise its product. Floyd Mayweather, who is known as a legendary boxing champion and has made paid-endorsements for numerous ICOs, had worked a lot on the promotion of the token sale on various social media platforms and got more than 5,600 like and 1,500 retweets. DJ Khaled was also hired by Centra for the promotion of the ICOs; however, no celebrity was named in the summons.

Steve Peikin also stated:

“As we allege, the defendants relied heavily on celebrity endorsements and social media to market their scheme…. Endorsements and glossy marketing materials are no substitute for the SEC’s registration and disclosure requirements as well as diligence by investors.”

The SEC has also cautioned that some of these ICO endorsements by celebrities might be illegitimate especially if the parties don’t make any obligatory public disclosures. On the other hand, Mayweather’s tweet promoting the token sale, such as, doesn’t specify that it is a paid advertisement.

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How Does Bitcoin Work?

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What is Bitcoin?

Bitcoin is a digital currency and this world-wide payment system has been all over the news for several years now. Bitcoin was basically created as a reward for a process called mining and it can be exchanged for products and other currencies. Bitcoin was the first cryptocurrency but in 2009, it appeared for the first time from a developer named, Satoshi Nakamoto and all cryptocurrencies that were created after Bitcoin are called Altcoins.

Just because Bitcoin is completely digital and doesn’t really match to any of the existing fiat currency, it’s not really easy for a newcomer to understand what it is actually about. So, let’s find out how does Bitcoin work and what is it exactly about!

How does it Work?

As we already know that it is a digital currency, to understand how does Bitcoin work is going to be a little complex. Bitcoin is not a physical element like coins, the verification and value of each Bitcoin is provided by a global peer-to-peer network.

Bitcoin is conducted on a public ledger known as blockchain and because it’s transferred digitally, it automatically means that it exits only online. It has a monetary value just like gold and is also decentralized. You don’t need a bank to use it, because it’s not managed by a single person but rather a group of people called miners, who process its transactions

how does bitcoin work

Blockchain:

It’s miner’s responsibility to ensure that bitcoin transactions that are made by the users are legit and after that, all confirmed transactions are added to the blockchain.  In this way, spendable balance can be calculated and new transactions can be verified. The veracity and the sequential order of the blockchain are obligated with cryptography.

Transactions:

You must’ve been confused about what exactly transaction is. It is basically a transfer of value between Bitcoin wallets that is also included in the blockchain. Bitcoin wallet stores the information that is essential for the transaction of bitcoins. It also has a private key which keeps a secret data and is used to sign transactions. It also provides a mathematical proof that they’ve actually come from the owner’s wallet. A plus point about “signature” is that it prevents the transaction from being changed by anyone else after it’s been issued. Each transaction is broadcasted between its users and it often gets confirmed by the network within the following 10 minutes, through a process known as mining.

Mining:

Mining is a process in which records are kept through the use of computer processing power. It is a distributed consensus system that confirms the waiting transactions by adding them in the block chain. It protects the impartiality of the network, imposes a sequential disorder in the block chain and allows multiple computers to settle on the system’s state.

To get these transactions confirmed, they must have to be packed in a block that fits quite strict cryptographic rules that are going to be verified by the network. These rules also help in preventing previous blocks from being altered because by doing that, it would overturn all the subsequent blocks.

Mining can also make the equal of a competitive lottery that averts individuals from adding new blocks easily in the block chain and in this way, no individual can regulate what’s added in the block chain or swap parts of the blockchain to get back their own spends.

If you want to get involved in the top-cryptocurrency, make sure to do your research on how does bitcoin work. It can be a profitable and a thrilling investment, but just like other investments, it’s always better to look out for safety.

Image Credit : Steemit

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